Portugal maintains vast overseas colonies that contribute to its wealth.
The Portuguese have a large foothold in Brazil.
The Portuguese own large portions of southern Africa, ruling from the Atlantic to the Indian ocean. The Portuguese also own the Canary Islands, Sao Tome and Cape Verde island groups
The Mapuche unified the tribes of Araucania and Patagonia with the help of the Portuguese, exchanging Lusitanian protection for arms and resources.
The Sultan of Zanzibar declared independence and approached the Viceroy of Portuguese Africa for aid. They received military and financial support in return for protectorate status. The Sultan also accepted Catholicism into his realm.
Other Portuguese possessions include the Azores.