Port Liberty, alternately referred to as Puerto Liberdad, is a major Cuban city on the southern coast of the state's central region. The city is a crucial Caribbean port and a major tourism destination, as well as a traditional center of Anglo-Cuban culture on the island. The city, as of 2010, has a population of about 455,000 people and is part of a metro area of nearly 800,000.
The city is located at the mouth of the Zaza River in traditional swampland, resulting in the city's flooding during major hurricanes throughout its history. To the north of the city lies the old Cuban city of Spiritu Sancti, and to the west lies the historical city of Trinidad.
Port Liberty has the highest non-Latino population of any of Cuba's four major cities (the others being Havana, Santiago and Jefferson) and was the traditional center of power for white, American-descended landowners who moved to Cuba from the southern United States in droves in the 1810's and 1820's. For this reason, it was also a center of the Cuban slave trade and slave markets, and slaves from other Caribbean islands regularly came through the city on their way to Cuban plantations, leading to its nickname of "Port Slavery," a play on its name. Following the abolition of slavery in Cuba in 1877, the city became home to droves of blacks moving into ethnic communities on the city's outskirts. Port Liberty was one of the most violent cities in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries due to racial tensions and widespread poverty in the city across all ethnic groups.