The Politics of Austria take place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative constitutional monarchy, with an emperor as the head of government and as head of state. Executive power is exercised by the emperor and by local provincial government. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the one hundred-man senate and the Grand Council. Since the successful nationalist civil war in 1972 the political landscape has been largely dominated by the conservative Austrian Nationalist Party, followed by the Progressive Party, and finally the Liberal Party.
The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, and exclusively federal in nature: there are no state courts.
The current Austrian government was established by the Habsburgs following the 1972 civil war, in which the Nationalists established themselves as the dominant political party in the nation. The government was reformed to follow a more powerful executive model, more closely resembling a constitutional monarchy. Since then the Habsburgs have ruled over Austria.