The United States holds numerous Political Parties, though the two largest are the Republican and the Democrat party. The Democrat party, however, due to its ties to eugenics, socialism, French and Russian fascists, and racism, has been on the decline, with a corresponding rise in several regional parties, with none yet large enough to take the place of the Democrat Party.
This is a small party with supporters in the northern midwest and in the southwest, with mostly state candidates and a few federal elected politicians. It was the Constitution Party until 1956, when it renamed itself to the American Party, believing in a completely limited role for the federal government, and all other duties filled by the states.
Since the election of 1896, the Democrat party has positioned itself to the economic left, and socially since 1904. It is the second largest party with 72 million registered members. The party believes in graduated income tax, heavy regulation of industry, unionization of work force, national health care, and anti-war policies.
Formed in 1898, this party opposed foreign entanglements, and opposed entry into the first world war, but once the war began, their supporters joined the war effort. Its main policy position is to avoid any foreign alliances, foreign purchase of American debt, or the purchase of any foreign energy sources. The only time the party believes that a war should be entered is if the United States were attacked first.
The Quebec arm of the Republican Party, caucuses with the Republicans in the federal Congress. It believes that the federal government has no role within the state, and should exercise its powers on external affairs only. It is economically to the right, and socially libertarian, believing the federal government has no role in determining personal conduct, such as food ingredients, smoking, alcohol, etc.
Since 1888, the Republican party has moved to the economic right, with the economics of von Mises, and a rejection of the increasing socialism of the Democrat party. It is socially more conservative, having moved so since the 1950s, since the adoption of the Civil Rights legislation of 1953 under President Eisenhower and Vice President Claude Mirabeau. There are currently 121 million Republican voters.
The Republican party began as an anti-slavery party in 1854, when it won the presidency in 1860 just before the Civil War. It moved for civil rights for the newly freed slaves through the latter 1800s, and succeeded in passing those laws in most northern and southwestern states, though a federal civil rights law was passed in 1953 under pressure from Republican voters. The party moved economically right after the Democrat party took to the cause of tariffs to protect their union supporters in the 1930s, and the passage of a number of New Deal measures.