The Oceanian Parliament features numerous political parties, only a handful of which are considered "majority parties" in that they are viable enough to form a majority government and make serious electoral inroads on their own. Most often, the parties will form coalitions to force a majority.
The current political parties of Oceania are:
Major Political Parties
Progressive Liberal Party (Libs)
The Progressive Liberals are the centrist party in Oceania, often with sympathies to left-wing political parties. Their centrist stance has led to the Progressive Liberals holding the majority in government more often than any other party in Oceanian history. The Progressive Liberals enjoyed strong "unbreakable" majorities from 1955 to 1980, and they cut a deal with the majority Labour to allow their party leader, John Suharto, to remain as Prime Minister from 1980 to 1985 in the wake of an election resulting in a hung parliament.
The Progressive Liberals returned to power in the 2000 general election with Geoffrey Rush as their party leader, but were forced to enter a coalition after a disappointing 2010 election with the resurgent Liberals and other small leftist parties.
The Labour Party is the strongest of Oceania's numerous left-wing parties and its most influential.
The Union Party is the most influential conservative party in Oceania, and traditionally has been fiscally conservative, socially moderate and advocated a strong military and diplomatic presence overseas. In this regard, they have been more successful than the Conservative Party, which has adhered to principles of social, fiscal and diplomatic conservatism and isolationism.
The Union Party enjoyed the pinnacle of its success in the 1990's, in which the charismatic and centrist Paul Hogan served as party leader and Prime Minister. This era was typified by what Hogan called the "New Union," in which the party embraced socially liberal policies such as Malayan integration and rights while adhering to old conservative fiscal idealogy. The Union Party enjoys broad support amongst Australians and in many areas of Malaya, where its socially conservative message resonates with many Muslim voters.
Minor Political Parties
Javanese People's Party
Socialist Party of Oceania
Australia First Party
The Partai Islam (PI) is a party geared towards forwarding the interests of Java and Sumatra's vast Muslim population. While socially conservative, the PI has typically aligned with the Progressive Liberals due to their championing of Malayan people's rights and rejected the socially conservative Union and Conservative parties, which have a poor record on civil rights historically. The Islamic Party was not allowed to have seats in Parliament until its rejection of supporting communities in the Malayan Archipelago that practiced sharia law.