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Bavaria is the common denomination for a wider group of constituents regions, known as Commonwealth States, in United Germany. Bavaria and its States are democratic republics, with term-limited heads of government, free elections, and a prevalence of political parties.
Marian Liberal Party
The Marian Liberal Party is currently the most prevalent and popular political party in Bavaria. Centered from Augsburg, the Marian Liberals were founded in the early 19th century by supporters of the late Mary I. Original members supported her left-wing policies, including various regulations on certain sectors of the economy, expanding rights to citizens, and expanding the role of an activist government.
The Democratic-Federalist Party is one of the largest parties in Bavaria, and is especially popular in the North, around its hometown of Berlin and other areas. This party is younger than the Marian Liberal and New Randolphine parties, being founded after German Unifcation. Members of this party are mostly called Democrats. They are less commonly called Federalists, but this denomination died out around 1920. Democrats usually align themselves with a centre-left platform, advocating de-regulation of agriculture, but further regulation of the financial sector. Democrats also promote social progressivism combined with an expanded participatory democracy.
New Randolphine Conservative Party
The New Randolphines, commonly called Conservatives, trace their founding to same era as the Marian Liberals in the early 19th century. They achieved prominence, as the Randolphine Conservatives, in government and the Diet from the 1830s through the 1850s, but rapidly fell out of favor in the following decades as famine and revolution set in, with much blame of social turmoil being thrust on the Conservatives. The Randolphine Conservatives, now retroactively called Old Conservatives, were banned in the late 1880s following Marian Liberal dominance in government following the revolution. Once the revolution died down, and extremism diminished with it, the New Randolphine conservatives were founded around 1900. They advocate de-regulation, free market policies, and social conservatism.
Bavarian Communist Party
The Bavarian Communist Party was initially founded in 1813 as the Parliamentary Burgher Group by various city merchants from Munich, Berlin, and Augsburg. The PBG primarily operated as a caucaus for urban-based parliamentarians, and co-ordinated campaigns, fundraisers, and legislation for said parliamentarians. After gradually losing prominence and membership, the PBG was dissolved in 1859. It was once more refounded under the same name in 1877. However, the members at this point were revolutionaries, who advocated for class equality and economic regulation. They changed the name of the party to the Bavarian Communist Party in 1891, to better align themselves with the wider Communist movement.
The Monarchist Party was founded in 1880 by a series of groups promoting the return of the monarchy. They are not very popular in any of the commonwealth states, commanding a total membership of only 4,500. They openly support the House of Wittelsbach, the House of Habsburg-Wittelsbach, and the House of Wittelsbach-Westphalia. Their mission statement reads: "The goal of the party of Loyalists is to restore the rightful government of Bavaria and give the country back its King."
Bavarian Nationalist Party
The Bavarian Nationalist Party is a right-wing, nationalist group based out of Landshut. It was formed in 1923 out of the merger of the Bavarian Motherhood Party and the Landshut Nationalist Party. The party stresses the ethno-biological, political, and economic superiority of Bavarians, and because of this view, they are classified as an extremist fringe group by the Bavarian government.
Viennese Worker's Coalition
The Viennese Worker's Coalition is a small Communist party centered in Vienna, and is the 76th largest party in Austria based on membership, and the 108th in all of the Commonwealth States. Founded in 1889 at the end of the Bavarian Revolution, the VWC grew quickly and exponentially among the lower and middle-classes of Austrian society. Riled by the revolution and tantalized by promises of economic growth, droves of people sought to join the party. By 1905. it had an estimated number of 850,000 members. However, the party was nearly destroyed in 1907 when it was shut down after several of its members attempted to assassinate Chancellor Felipe DiRegenati and successfully killing Governor-General Johann Mikelsson. The shutdown was temporary, being lifted in 1908, however it was too late by then. Over the next decade, the VWC lost around 10,000 members per month, with many joining the Liberal party. By 1935, the party had an estimated membership of around 16,000.
Old Randolphine Conservatives
The Old Randolphine Conservatives were founded in the early 1820s as a party supporting the views and policies of King Randolph. They achieved wide prominence in the government from about the 1830s through the 1850s, before falling out of favor and being proscribed as a state enemy in the 1880s. They were disbanded even after the proscription was deemed illegal, as popular opinion towards virtually any right-wing party was totally hostile.
The Presidential Party was official founded in 1786 amidst political unrest in Bavaria, supporting Diet President Gregory Hartingen. The party was mostly able to weather the political turmoil until 1790, when major acts of violence was committed upon them by Anti-Marians and Augsburg Collectivists, and certainly vice-versa. By a quickly-written royal decree in 1790, Mary I banned the party.
The Augsburg Collective has a complicated, complex history. It was initially founded in 1758, as an organization adverstising for and promoting industrial advancement in Augsburg. They usually convinced the city burghers and gentry members to build manufactories and other industries. They reappropriated themselves as a political party in 1785, primarily opposing the reign of Mary I and President Gregory Hartingen. While being neither conservative nor liberal, Ausgburg Collectivists opposed all anti-industrialist stances. They were banned in 1790 by Mary I following violence and rebellion.
The Anti-Marian Revolution was only a united, coherent party because of its declaration of intent in 1790, which read "the Anti-Marian Revolution shall oppose and renounce all policies enacted by the tyrannical imposter who is Mary I... Our collective will hereby be referred to as the Anti-Marian Revolution." In reality, the Anti-Marians were a loosely organized, short lived group of radicals and extremists primarily based in Augsburg and Landshut. They shared common features with, but were largely independent and less organized than, the Augsburg Collective. Unlike the mostly pro-industrial, politically centrist Augsburg Collectivists, Anti-Marians were mostly right-wing activists, with varying platforms on industrialization, women's rights, and governmental size, but united under a wider opposition to Mary I and the actions of the Diet. The Anti-Marians were banned in 1790 by Mary I/