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This article lists the political parties in Alaska. The Alaskan Democratic Federative Republic is a de facto two-party state, which is dominated by the Evergreens and the Movement for Peace and Freedom (DMS). Alaska constitutionally allows for a multi-party system, with dozens of political parties currently being registered. The most successful third party is the Doug-dominated Civil Alliance, which currently holds seats across Alaska (in conjunction with the two dominant parties).
Currently Represented in the General Congress
The Civil Alliance (Russian: Гражданский союз, Grazhdansky soyuz), often abbreviated as the CA (ГС, GS), is a minority-rights political party. The current party platform includes elements of Doug-minority interests, traditionalist conservatism (Toryism), right-wing populism, agrarianism, localism, and social credit reform. Members of the party are colloquially referred to as Tories (тори, tori).
The political party was founded in the 1960s and was comprised solely of English-speaking Alaskans from Columbia, Idaho, the Queen Charlotte Islands, and Vancouver Island. The party was founded in response to the ongoing policies which favored the overall Russification of Alaska, which those of English descent vehemently opposed. The party was also a response to the socialist policies of the Kardash administration. The Civil Alliance gained strong backing from the Doug communities of the former Commonwealth of Columbia. Banking on Doug nationalism, the party adopted traditionalist conservative policies of the United Kingdom and right-wing populism of the United States.
Since their founding, the Civil Alliance has continually won seats within both houses of the General Congress. Though considerably rare, the CA has also competed in presidential races (the most recent being in 2009). Due to the spoiler effect of Alaskan politics, the party often uses the threat of running as a third party to secure favors from the two larger parties (more so the Evergreens). The CA only competes in the four governorates of the former Commonwealth of Columbia and in Idaho.
The Evergreens (Russian: Вечнозелёные, Vechnozelyonye), formally known as the Progressive Conservative Party "The Evergreens" (Прогрессивно-консервативная партия «Вечнозелёные», Progressivno-konservativnaya partiya "Vechnozelyonye"), and commonly abbreviated as the VZ (ВЗ); is a predominantly center-right political party. The current party platform includes elements of progressive conservatism, neoliberalism, libertarianism, and Third Way politics. The Evergreens are currently a member party of the Centrist Democrat International and the International Democrat Union. Members of the party are colloquially known as Vezels (везелы, vezely), though in English they can be referred to as Evergreens or as B-3s (pronounced "Bee Threes").
The political party began in the 1940s as a coalition between Alaska's largest centrist and liberal parties. The coalition was in response to the rise of non-democratic organizations across Alaska (such as the Fascist Party and the Workers' Party). The name evergreen became synonymous with the party, emphasizing that Alaskan democracy would never fade from existence. The coalition was formally unified into a single political party in 1948. Leader Ivan Gnatyshin was elected to the presidency the following year.
Since their founding, the Evergreens have dominated Alaskan politics, often to the point of Alaska being labeled a dominant-party state. The Evergreens currently hold a majority in the State Duma, with Ivan Kantor serving as the Chairman of the chamber. Incumbent President Gervasy Johnson was elected in 2015 as the nominee of the Evergreens. The governorates of Idaho and Kenai have statistically favored the Evergreens in all elections since the 1940s.
Movement for Peace and Freedom
The Movement for Peace and Freedom (Russian: Движение за мир и свободу, Dvizheniye za mir i svobodu), often abbreviated as the DMS (ДМС), is a predominantly center-left political party. The current party platform includes elements of social democracy, democratic socialism, left-wing populism, and pacifism. The DMS is currently a member of the Progressive Alliance and the Socialist International. Members of the party are colloquially known as Deyemeses (деемесы, deyemesy), though in English there can also be referred to as Pacifists.
Prior to the 1960s, the Alaskan left was disorganized between two rival political parties. The Workers' Party was a watered-down version of the former Communist Party of Alaska. Despite becoming more democratic since the 1940s, the party was still despised outside Bering and Shelikof. The Socialist Party was seen as the only "legitimate" left-wing party of Alaska, though its following remained centered around Sonoma. Following the chaos of the Alaskan Missile Crisis, the two parties were compelled to unite under a platform of peace and freedom, and to take their message to the Alaskan population during the 1961 general elections. Shelikovian Governor, Vasily Kardash, became the first Socialist president of Alaska (as well as the first president aligned with the former Alaskan Socialist Republic).
Since their founding, the DMS has often been the main voice of opposition within Alaskan politics. The DMS currently holds a majority in the Senate, with Diana Feinstein serving as the Chairwoman. The governorates of Shelikof and Sonoma have statistically favored the DMS in all elections since the 1960s.
Historic Political Parties
All-Russian Fascist Party
The All-Russian Fascist Party (Russian: Всероссийская фашистская партия, Vserossiyskaya fashistskaya partiya), often abbreviated as the VFP (ВФП), was a former far-right and fascist political party. The VPO was headed by Konstantin Rodzaevsky, who modeled himself after Benito Mussolini. The political newspaper of the party was Nash Put' (Наш Путь, lit. "Our Way").
The political party was founded in 1931 from the unification of several fascist organizations which were based on Alaska. Fascist ideologies became very popular among the White Émigré population. The VFP incorporated Pan-Slavic and Eastern Orthodox ideologies into their party platform. Despite the party wide support among the White Émigré population, the VFP achieved limited support among the Russian American population and the non-Slavic population.
The VFP participated in federal and regional elections from 1931 until 1942. At their height, the party held representation in both houses of the General Congress and several provincial governments. The VFP was formally banned in 1942.