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Alternate History

Political Parties (A Federation of Equals)

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The Danubian Federation had and still has many varied parties.

Active

All Danubian Conservative Party (formed 1848): A centre-right party formed to create a national opposition and unite the Conservative movement.
Presidents: Kraus (1856-1860)

United Progressive Party (formed 1848 as the Radical Union of the Federation): A radical party attempting to promote liberty, equality and freedom for all people of the Federation. In 1889, it was renamed in light of the split from the more radical wing under Sik.
Chairmen: Masaryk (1854-1855)
Leaders: Obradovic (1856-)
Presidents: Valenta (1860-1868), Spiros (1872-1880), Banik (1885-)

Constitutional Union (formed 1848 as the Independent Italian Party): The Constitutional Union rose to prominence as the Republican Alliance, a centre-left party which typically coalitioned with the RUF; in 1880, in light of move towards centrism (particularly regarding monarchism and republicanism),the party yet again renamed itself to the Constitutional Union; due to a party split, some members joined Franzzini's pro-Italian wing whilst others merged with the DPPP after de Palma's arrest and execution; the two parties merged with Franzzini the leader in 1887.
Leaders:  F. de Palma (1852-1886), A. Franzzini (1886-)
Presidents: F. de Palma (1885)

Federal Democratic Party  (formed 1860): Formed by the merger of the Pan-Danubian Party, the Federal Party of the Danube and the Danubian Liberal Alliance, the FDP is a liberal party which calls for federalism and reform.

Danubian Patriotic Union (formed 1866): Initially a "small government, free market" party, the DPU has transitioned to one of the leading rightist parties, now advocating for centralized conservatism. Following Lilic's downfall and the Faberist Terror, the party was left greatly weakened.                                                                                                                                                      Leaders: Lilic (-1885), N. Donato (1885-
Presidents: Lilic (1880-1885)

Conservative Republican Party: (formed 1876): A right-leaning republican party.

Popular Movement (formed 1879): A socialist party formed by Bariş Ağa, who advocates peaceful reform; the party has never seen much in the way of support.                                                   Leaders: Bariş Ağa (1879-)

German Brotherhood Party (formed 1885): A reactionary, regional party founded upon the belief of Austrian supremacy.

Danubian Imperial Party (formed 1886): Founded to support the claim of Franz Ferdinand von Hapsburg-Lorraine by his cousin, the former Duke of Tuscany. It supports the establishment of a constitutional monarchy with a federal structure.                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Leaders: Asburga-Lorena (1886-)

Danubian Republican Socialist League (formed 1887): formed as a result of the increasingly moderate "Radical" Union and the emergence of Franz Ferdinand and a growing monarchist base, DRSL was founded by Alexander Sik and is staunchly in favour of "socialism, democracy and republicanism."                                                                                                                                         Leaders: A. Sik  (1887-)

Venetian People's Party (formed 1888): A regional party based in Padua, it advocates increasing the quality of life for workers and giving more powers to the states to balance out the federal economy.
Leaders: M. Graffaro (1888-)

United Islamic Front (formed 1889) : A pan-Muslim party built, surprisingly enough, around increasingly political power and general equality for Muslims in the Federation; cofounded by Abubakar Nkrumsh Massri and Alp Mustafa.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Leader: A. Massri (1889-)

Defunct

Royal Faction (1848-51): A reactionary German party which campaigned for the restoration of the monarchy. It died with Prince Franz Joseph.

Unionist Solidarity Party (1852-1854): A radical party formed after the Radical Union's opposition to Venezia which represented the poor and agrarian of the state, but never really had much influence beyond the state's boundaries.

German Catholic Party (1852-1855): A niche right wing party that never really even took off in its home state; it was soon disbanded to make way for its only Councillor of note's political ambitions in Silesia.

Independent Radical Party (1854-1855): A radical party formed in opposition to a perceived 'conservitisation' of the Radical Union, but remained a fringe element for its short existence until it was incorporated into the Federal Party of the Danube.

Old Conservative League (1854-1855): A short-lived conservative party which rejected the notion of Pan-Danubism in favour of states rights, it never reached beyond its home state of Venezia and fell with the Most Serene Republic.

Hungarian League (1848-1855): A centre-right party aimed at the former territories of the Kingdom of Hungary, it was disbanded after the purge as 'responsible for the Hungarian Uprising'.

Pan-Danubian Party (1848-1860, formerly the Slavic and Romanian Liberal Party): A centre-left party based around the notions of equal rights and a programme of both moderate liberalism and federalism, it was powerful at its peak but faded with the recession of the radical threat later merging into the Federal Democratic Party.
Presidents: Nikolić (1848-1852), Codrinaru (1852-1854)

Federal Party of the Danube (1855-1860): A centre-left party that advocated centralisation of powers and other moderate reforms, the FPD held little sway outside Hungary though it was at one point the largest party in the Federal Council. It merged into the Federal Democratic Party.

Danubian Liberal Alliance (1848-1860): A liberal party created by the merger of the Austrian and Hungarian Liberal Parties that stood by the values of the revolution, it never really took off, eventually merging into the Federal Democratic Party.

Martial and Security League (1852-1860): A reactionary party that pushed for greater investment in the military, and centralisation of the Federation's powers. It was discredited for its part in the civil war of Di Sanctis and Kremvera (two would-be Emperors) in the late 1850s.

Austrian Party (1852-1860; formerly the Austrian Independence Party): A right-wing party which advocated states rights and lobbied on behalf of Austria. It failed to really ever take off.

Popular Unity (1855-1860; known in Hungarian as Népszerű Egység): A Hungarian party that attempted to mix populist nationalism with moderate liberalism. It failed to gain much support.

Free Market Party (1855-1860; formerly the Southern League of the Balkans and Danube): A liberal party that advocated free trade in particular. It had a reasonable following along the Adriatic Coast, but had no real influence over Federal politics. It merged with Liberalno-Demokratyczna to the Free Democrat Party.

Liberalno-Demokratyzyna Party (1860): A liberal party supportive of civil freedoms and small government. It didn't even survive a year, merging into the Free Market Party within six months of its founding.

Zentrum (1854-1863): A centrist party which advocated equal rights but not at the expense of states' rights. It may have become the 'state party of Carniola' but ultimately it failed to have a major impact on the Federal stage.

Pan-Carolingian Party (1863-1864): A pan-European party centered around the legacy of Charlemagne, the PCP was founded mainly as a political vehicle for its founder Joachim von Kirchberg. Dissolved as soon as he took up a Consulate-General in the colony of Melilla.

Social Democratic Party of the Danube (1860-1867): Formed in Prague by former members of the RUF, it was the first openly socialist party in the Federation. It re-integrated into the RUF prior to the 1868 elections.

Free Democrat Party (1860-1870?): A liberal party that advocated laissez faire and free market policies; was absorbed into the Federal Democrats and other liberal parties.

The Danubian Workers' and Laborers' Party (1884-1885): The first openly Communist Party in the Federation, and the only party that calls for violent revolution in its charter; its founder, Evzan Kanelos, was arrested for dissidence shortly after its founding, which shortly thereafter led to the dissolution of his party.

New Martial and Security League (1880-1886): A radical conservative party that advocated the abolition of the states in favour of a unified and centralised Danubian state. It supported the policies of its namesake, the original MSL (which was disbanded following the defeat of the rightist coup in 1860). It was forced to disband during the Faberist inquisition.

Constitutional Union for Peace and Prosperity (1885-1887; formerly the Danubian Peace and Prosperity Party): A centrist party built on traditionally liberal policies. Interestingly enough, it was born from the ashes of the first Communist Party and by Oighrig Kanelos, brother of imprisoned radical Evzan Kanelos. Under Alp Mustafa, the party merged with the non-Italian elements of the Constitutional Union; after negotiations CUPP joined the Constitutional Union.                                                                                                                                                                                          Leader: O. Kanelos (1885-1886), A. Mustafa (1886-1887)

Danubian Peoples' Party (1883-1887): While running for the position of Governor of Bosnia, the prominent Serbian politician Vladimir Aleksandar formed a party to represent the workers, as well as religious and cultural minorities, among other people. Romanian and Serbian unionism are one of the major issues. It was dissolved in 1887, with its members joing DRSL.
Leader: V. Alecksander (1883-1884), D. Ibrahimovic (1884-1887)


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