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Polish War of Independence
Polishcavalryattack
Polish calavry advancing on the Russians, December 1920
Date 7 November (25 October) 1917 – 25 October (12 October) 1922
Place Poland, Russia, Baltic Sea
Result Polish victory:
  • Polish independence
Combatants
Flag of Poland Poland
Flag of Estonia Estonia
Flag of Finland Finland

Supported By:

  • Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
  • Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918) Austria-Hungary
  • Flag of Belgium Belgium
  • Flag of France France
  • Flag of the Netherlands Holland
Flag of Russia Russian Empire/Republic (1917-1921)
Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union (1921-1922)
Strength
Poland:

39 divisions (some of them were never fully mobilized and concentrated), 76 brigades, 14,300 guns, 1,880 tanks, 4,000 aircraft
Total: 20215

Finland:
80,000–90,000 Finns 14,000 Imperial German Army soldiers 1,000 Swedish volunteers

1,737 Poles from the Polish Legion
2,400,000 White Russians
3,000,000 Soviets
  • 103,000 Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine
Casualties
At least 1,040,000 (Polish)

Whites:

  • 3,000-3,500 killed in action
  • 1,650 executed
  • 46 missing
  • 4 dead in prison camps

Swedish volunteers:

  • 55 killed in action

Estonians:

  • 450–500 killed in action

Total:

5,300–5,600 casualties
At least 1,500,000 (White Russians)
1,212,824 casualties (records incomplete) (Soviets)
Reds:
  • 4,500-5,500 killed in action
  • 10,000 executed
  • 2,000 missing
  • 11,000–13,500 dead in prison camps

Russians:

  • 800-1,000 killed in action
  • 1,500-1,800 executed

Total:

  • 27,400–33,100 casualties

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