Commonwealth of Poland
Rzeczpospolita Polska
Timeline: Revolution!

OTL equivalent: Poland minus Pomerania and other Voivodeships, plus portions of Ukraine
Poznan Flag (Nat. 1848) Coat of Arms of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Flag Coat of Arms
Location of Poland (Maroon/Red)
Anthem "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego"
(and largest city)
Other cities Warsaw, Białystok, Łódź and Poznań
  others Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Russian, Estonian, Belarussian, Czech, Slovak and Latvian
Religion Roman Catholicism, Judaism, Eastern Orthodoxy
Demonym Polish, Pole
Government Constitutional Monarchy
  legislature Sejm
Monarch Alexander I
  Royal house: Poniatowski-Saxony
Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz
Population 38,483,957 
Established 1989
Independence from Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  declared 1989
  recognized 1990
Currency Polish Złoty
Internet TLD .pl
Organizations Union of Nations, European Economic Community, Visegrad Group

Formation of the Commonwealth

The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was formed on July 1st 1569 as a union of the Polish and Lithuanian kingdoms. The kindom grew to prominence during the 17th century. Despite being nearly partitioned during the early 19th centruy, the Commonwealth survived as they were seen as a buffer state to keep the Holy Roman Empire/Prussians and Russian Empire from fighting each other. The Commonwealth was suffering from an economic crisis in the late 1800s, as the ideology of Communalism began to rise to prominence in Eastern Europe...

Communalist Uprising

After the economic crisis of 1873, the Polish economy was on the road to recovery, but many of the working class demanded higher wages and shorter working hours, the entrenched bureaucracy in Krakow was failing to appease the masses as the border tensions between the newly Communalist Germany and Russia rise over the ownership of the Baltic States. In 1875, after years of tensions between the workers and the nobility, the 269 year old dynasty of the Commonwealth was torn down in a huge 'Red Wave' as the Polish Royals fled to Bratislava, in Austria Hungary. Eventually the monarchs went through Liechtenstein and Switzerland to reach France. Where the monarchy lived out the Cold War in Paris, forming the Polish government in-exile. This has lead to a substantial Polish minority in Northern France and Paris today, along with South of England and East Coast of the United States (instead of the large Jewish minority in New England, the Poles sometimes fill this role ITTL). 

Under New Management

The new Communalist government immediately swore their allegiance to the Germans and aided in toppling the Russian and Scandinavian governments in the late 1800s, leading to the formation of the Communalist Bloc in 1910. The Poles began to reap the benefits of collectivised farms and underwent a heavy industrialisation program at the expense of many lives, but was seen as a 'necessary sacrifice' to keep the nation running. During the mid 20th century, the Workers Commonwealth experienced huge amounts of ethnic tensions and student protests during the mid 1960s up until the early 1980s, with the election of John Paul II to the position of Pope in 1978 and the rise of the Solidarity movement aided to return of democracy to the multicultural state, but also sped up the ethnic tensions between the various people groups...  

Baltic Wars

End of an Era

Modern Day

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