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Philippines (Scotland says "Yes")

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Republic of the Philippines
Republika ng Pilipinas
Timeline: Scotland says "Yes"
OTL equivalent: Philippines
Flag of the Philippines.svg Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
Anthem: 
Lupang Hinirang
Map of Philippines.png
CapitalManila
Largest city Quezon City
Other cities Cebu, Baguio, Davao, Zamboanga, Tacloban, Bacolod, Dumaguete, Tagbilaran, Ozamis, Ilo-ilo
Government
 -  President Rodrigo Duterte
 -  Vice President Leni Robredo
Establishment
 -  Independence From Spain June 12, 1898 
 -  Tydings McDuffie Law March 24, 1934 
 -  Independence recognized July 4, 1946 
Currency Philippine Peso

The Republic of the Philippines is a sovereign island state located in Southeast Asia. The country is composed of three main islands: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. It shares maritime borders with Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, Vietnam, and China. The current president is Rodrigo Duterte, having been elected in the recent 2016 Presidential Elections.

History

See also: History of the Philippines

Mamasapano Incident

On January 25, 2015, 44 elite officers from the PNP-SAF (Special Action Force) were killed following an operation to hunt an international terrorist, Usman Marwan. Marwan was later confirmed to be killed in the operation. The incident, called "SAF44" or the "Fallen 44," was blamed on faulty planning and hence was a blow to the Aquino administration. It is also affected the Bangsamoro Basic Law process.

Philippine Presidential Elections of 2016

The Philippine Presidential Elections took place on May 9, 2016 nationwide. The candidates for Presidency included Rodrigo Duterte (former major of Davao City), Jejomar Binay (VP of President Aquino), Manuel "Mar" Roxas, Grace Poe (daughter of 2004 candidate Fernando Poe, Jr.), and Miriam Defensor-Santiago. Roy Señeres ran for president but passed away three months before the election. At the end of the day, Duterte was the presumed winner for President. He was inaguarated as the 16th President of the Republic of the Philippines on June 30, 2016 at the Malacañang Palace. The Philippine War on Drugs began on his Inaguaration Day as the military and the police began hunting down drug users, drug pushers, and drug lords around the country. This opened up a new front of the Civil Conflict in the Philippines.

Result of the Arbitration

Unclos-decision-0713

Filipinos and Vietnamese celebrate the decision of the UN arbitration in Manila.

The Philippines recently won the case Philippines v. China when the United Nations Permanent Court of Arbitration ruled out in favor of the country over China's claims. The court unanimously ruled that China has "no historical rights" based on the so-called "nine-dash line" map. The PCA also ruled that Chinese reclamation activity in the south China sea has also caused an irreparable damage to the environment and asked the Chinese government to stop further activities in the South China Sea. This decision was welcomed by the Philippines and its allies: namely the U.S., the E.U., the U.K., Scotland, Japan, Australia, and India. Beijing however rejected the decision made by the United Nations.

Offensives Against the Abu-Sayaff

Following the Davao City bombings in September 2015, the Armed Forces increased their offensives against the Abu-Sayaff. Military forces launched attacks towards several camps of the terrorist organization in the island of Mindanao. Several ASG camps and fighters were decimated. In November 2015, ASG kidnapped a German national and killed his girlfriend. The Philippines, jointly with Malaysia and Indonesia, is investigating the kidnapping and has ramped up joint patrols in the southern areas.

Recent Events

On November 18, 2016, the body of late President and dictator Ferdinand Marcos was buried in the Libingan ng Mga Bayani in Taguig City. This drew controversy and major protests from majority of the citizens of the Philippines, including the ones who were victims of the Martial Law Era.

Government

Rodrigo Duterte June 2016

Rodrigo Duterte. 16th President of the Republic of the Philippines.

The Philippines is a unitary presidential constitutional republic based on democratic principles. The three branches of the government are the Executive (President), Legislative (Philippine Congress), and the Judicial Branch (Supreme Court). The president is the head of the country, being both the head-of-state and government. A president only serves for one full term of six years before the next elections. Elections happen every six years. The midterm elections for senators occur three years after the Presidential elections.

As of the new inaguration of Rodrigo Duterte, the current administration aims to crack down on drug lords, syndicates, criminal activities and political corruption.

Foreign Relations

The Philippines is a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. The country is closely tied with the West, namely the United States, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Scotland and majority of Europe. It is a treaty ally of the United States since 1951 and a major-non NATO ally in 2003. The militaries of both countries train together annually. It has also good relations with Japan and South Korea, of which many tourists and OFWs flock there annually. The country has rocky relations with Malaysia due to the Sabah dispute, as well as claims in the South China Sea. Relations with the People's Republic of China has waned over the past years due to China's de facto control over Philippine-claimed Scarborough Shoal. Although the Duterte administration wants to repair diplomatic and economic ties, the recent arbitration has soured relations between the two.

Under the Duterte Administration, relations with the United States have been shaky because Duterte has criticized the U.S. He also criticized the United Nations and the European Union. However, the Pentagon reaffirms that the relations with the Philippines remain "ironclad" as ever.

The current administration is seeking to economic ties with Russia. The Armed Forces have been looking to purchase Russian military hardware such as the Mi-17 Helicopter.

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