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Philip Egalite, King of France

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Egalite

Philippe Egalite, king of France

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Point of Divergence

Real history (OTL)

June 21, Louis XVI and his family tried to escape from Paris to Austria. However, in Varennes (a town in Lorraine) he was identified by postmaster and arrested, before returning to Paris.

Alternative history (ATL)

Louis the 16th successfully escaped to Austria and persuaded in August of 1791 Frederick Wilhelm II, king of Prussia and Leopold II, emperor of Austria, to send troops to France

Philip VII, king of France

News about a possible Austro-Prussian invasion to France caused panic; in many parts of the country began royalist rebellion. In this situation, leaders of Jacobin Club (originally sought to establish a constitutional monarchy in France, despite their radicalism) have made other revolutionaries (especially- moderate Girondins) consent to coronation of Duke of Orleans, Philip Egalite, a member of Jacobin Club, as king Philippe VII

Policy of new king

September 30 Philip Egalite was solemnly crowned; all revolutionary leaders were quick to show their loyalty to new king. Even some of royalists, shocked "betrayal" of old king (his flight to Austria and request foreign powers to invade France), recognized Philip as king. At same time, National Assembly was dissolved, instead it was created Legislative Assembly- parliament with right to introduce new laws. Honorary chairman of Assembly was Philip VII. New king approved all laws passed by National Assembly earlier. He also adopted a law about confiscation of emigrant property and annexed Mulhouse and Avignon (papal exclave). Announced establishment of a new Gallican church (as Anglican church) - which priests are sworn to the king, not the pope. Were abolished laws against atheists, Huguenots and Jews

First War of King Philippe

Prussian campaign (1791-1792)

In October 1791 Prussian army invaded France (indecisive Austrian Emperor Leopold hasn't yet decided on active measures) with support of French royalist emigrants. At that time, king Philip decreed amnesty for all emigrants who move to side of France. As a result, due to defectors, the French well aware of the Prussian plans. Two French army surrounded the Prussian army at Valmy and defeated. Duke of Brunswick was captured. Charles Artois, one of royalist leaders, was killed in battle. In winter 1791/1792 French occupied Rhineland

In such a situation, the King of Prussia Philip offered peace talks, offering to give to Prussia Rhineland. Prussia took offense to Austria for Austrian army was not involved in battle of Valmy. At expense of French intrigue at court of prussian king Frederick Wilhelm II returned his Chief Minister Ewald von Hertzberg, a supporter of confrontation with Austria. February 1, 1792 was signed Franco-Prussian peace treaty. Prussia was acknowledged Philip as French king and dispelled from her territory French emigrants. In return, France ceded Rhineland to Prussia and refuse from revolutionary propaganda in Prussia and her alies (such as Braunschweig or Holland)

War agaist Austria, Britain and Spain (1793-1795)

In 1792, French troops occupied Austrian Netherlands and came to Dutch border. Was signed Franco-Dutch agreement that France refused to conduct revolutionary propaganda in the Netherlands and give to Holland Luxembourg. In exchange, the Dutch Stadtholder Willem of Orange pardoned Dutch Republicans. After that, Britain broke off relations with Prussia and Holland, walked out of war, and declared war on France. In 1793, Britain and Austria jointly persuaded to oppose France Piedmont and Spain. Main rate was made to attempt to rekindle royalist uprising in France. In spring of 1793 began royalist uprisings (inspired by British agents) in Vendee and Toulon. Piedmontese invaded Savoy, and Spaniards began offensive in Pyrenees

But at end of 1793 French general Bonapart took Toulon. In 1794, Chouans in Vendee was finally suppressed, in same year French defeated Spain. Spaniards were forced to sign a peace treaty of Barcelona, at which breaks off relations with Britain and Austria and expelled or extradited French all emigrants. In 1795, the French army invaded Italy. Defeating Piedmont, forcing him to adopt a constitution and form with him alliance against Austria, French also occupied entire Apennine peninsula. French give to Piedmont Lombardy, Genoa, Parma, Lucca and Modena. Monarchy in Tuscany and Naples have been saved, but only on condition of ending war, break alliance with Britain and Austria and progressive legislation. In Italy, Austrians retained only Venice

War against Austria, Britain and Russia (1796)

Metz peace (1797)

Second War of King Philippe

Alliance with Russia (1799)

War against Austria, Britain and Ottoman Empire (1800-1804)

Amien peace (1805)

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