Pharaoh of Kemet
Coat of Arms
Senkhara II
since 2016

Style: His/Her Divine Highness
Heir apparent: Prince Set
Succession: Absolute cognatic lateral seniority
First monarch: Narmer
Formation: 3150 BC
Residence: Pharaoh's Palace, Waset
Titles: Pharaoh of Kemet
Son/Daughter of Ra
Reigning house: Ramessid Dynasty

The Pharaoh of Kemet (Kemetic: Par'aah) is the head of state and government of Kemet, also known as Egypt. He or she is the most powerful person in the empire and subject to no one. The Pharaoh has total control over the government and his or her powers do not know any limits. This makes Kemet by far the most autocratic monarchy in the world. The current Pharaoh is Senkhara II, who ascended the throne after her brother's coma.


The word Pharaoh means "great house" in Kemetic, and was not used for the ruler of Kemet until the 15th century BC. Both male and female rulers are called Pharaoh, as the word is considered gender neutral. The spouse of the Pharaoh is called Great Royal Wife or Great Royal Husband.


Kemet is an absolute monarchy, with the Pharaoh as the supreme leader of the nation. As such, the power of the Pharaoh knows virtually no limits, and theoretically, they could alter the Constitution in any way possible. In modern times, the Vizier of Kemet is usually in charge of the government, while the Pharaoh watches over them.


Heka and nekhakha

The crook and flail

Mask of Tutankhamun

The death mask of Senkhara I, wearing the nemes

Pharaoh Senkhara I

Senkhara I, wearing the Vulture Crown


Pharaoh Ankhosis wearing the Double crown

The Pharaoh has several regalia.

Crook and flail

The crook and flail are the common English terms for the heka and the nekhakha, originally symbols of the god Osiris. The shepherd's crook (heka) stood for kingship and the flail (nekhakha) for the fertility of the land. The crook and flail are symbols of the Pharaonic authority, and symbolized the kingship and the fertility of the land.

The two regalia are traditionally held crossed over the Pharaoh's chest at their coronation.


The nemes is the striped headcloth worn by pharaohs in ancient Egypt. It covered the whole crown and back of the head and nape of the neck (sometimes also extending a little way down the back) and had lappets, two large flaps which hung down behind the ears and in front of both shoulders. It was sometimes combined with the double crown, as it is on the statues of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel. The earliest depiction of the nemes, along with a uraeus, is the ivory label of Den from the 1st Dynasty. The nemes is worn by both male and female Pharaohs, though is not the official symbol of the Pharaoh, which is the double crown.

Vulture crown

The Vulture Crown was an Ancient Egyptian crown worn by Great Royal Wives and female Pharaohs. The Vulture Crown was a crown which depicted a vulture, with its two wings hanging from both sides of the head. It was a symbol of protection from the goddess Nekhbet.

These crown were frequently adorned with gold and were worn by the Great Royal Wife, high ranking priestesses and female Pharaohs. These crowns were also sometimes equipped with the Uraeus, representing both Upper (Nekhbet) and Lower Egypt (the Uraeus). The first known Egyptian woman to wear this crown was Tetisheri.


The Sekhemti (Kemetic for "the two powerful ones"), also known as Pschent and Double crown is the official headpiece of the Pharaoh. It combined the Red Deshret Crown of Lower Egypt and the White Hedjet Crown of Upper Egypt.

The Sekhemti represented the pharaoh's power over all of unified Egypt. It bore two animal emblems: An Egyptian cobra, known as the uraeus, ready to strike, which symbolized the Lower Egyptian goddess Wadjet, and an Egyptian vulture representing the Upper Egyptian tutelary goddess Nekhbet.


The Pharaoh's children come second in the line of succession, after the brothers and sisters of the pharaoh, making Kemet one of the few monarchies where brothers and sisters of the monarch usually succeed him/her. The eldest child of one of the siblings of the pharaoh succeeds if he or she has no surviving sublings. The line of succession is overwritten by the pharaoh if he or she wishes so, he or she may appoint anyone in the Pharaonic family as his or her successor, though this has not been done in more than 500 years.


The following requirements must be met by people to be eligible for the position of Pharaoh.

  • Follow the Kemetic religion
  • Be a descendant of Ramesses I, or member of the Pharaonic family
  • The Pharaoh must recognize him or her as an eligible person of the Pharaonic family
  • Speak the Kemetic language
  • Not married to a person who is to be a future monarch of another country

Current line of succession

The current pharaoh is Ramesses XII, who succeeded his sister Sanura in 2009 upon her abdication.

  1. Prince Set, son of Ramesses XII
  2. Princess Kiya, daughter of Princess Sanura
  3. Princess Rasa, daughter of Ramesses XII
  4. Prince Khafra, son of Princess Sanura
  5. Prince Nekhen, uncle of Ramesses XII and Princess Sanura
  6. Prince Kamose, uncle of Ramesses XII and Princess Sanura
  7. Princess Aramesa, aunt of Ramesses XII and Princess Sanura
  8. Princess Nefari, niece of Ramesses XII and Princess Sanura

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