The Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies (Russian: Петроградский совет рабочих и солтадских депутатов) was a city council in Petrograd, the capitol of the Russian Empire. Following the February Revolution of 1917, in which Tsar Nicholas II abdicated, the Soviet ruled the country together with the Provisional Government. This agreement was known as the dual-power arrangement. However, the communist leader, Vladimir Lenin, died of a stroke while in exile in Switzerland before he could return to Russia to take control of the Soviet. This resulted in the Soviet being splintered, and dissolved by order of the Provisional Government in October of that year.