Павел Пестель

Paul Pestel during the time of Russian-Ottoman war 1821-1823

Pestel doctrine.


This theory was presented in the book “Russian Law”, which was printed in London in 1837.

Basic principles of state building, according to it:

1) Every society (and, so, every state too) has its own purpose, to achieve that requires efforts of the whole society, so society will be homogeneous as possible. Purpose of the state is welfare of the citizens.

2) The government must lead the people to prosperity. Citizens are obliged to obey him.

3) Rights are only needed for the execution of duties in promoting the prosperity.

4) for changes in the state required strict centralized authority

5) denial of separation of powers - the government should be united to move towards a common goal

6) Strong, but elected and responsible to the people government

7) Unitary state, as more strong form

8) All nations divided into 2 classes: historical, which ever have it’s own state and non-historical. Right to self-determination - the prerogative of first, non-historical nations will be subject and, preferably, assimilated by historical.

9) The principle of the limit of imperial expansion – state borders will be fixed for defensible positions (for Russia - Pripyat marshes-the Carpathians-the Southern Caucasus-the deserts of Central Asia-Altai-Amur).

10) The public should be given to the homogeneity of a national – minorities will be assimilate, and social - class division should be abolished - terms.

11) collective ownership of land

12) state control over economy

13) Private property is not denied, but limited influence of big business on politics

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