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Peru-Bolivian Confederation (1879: Agreement)

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Peru-Bolivian Confederation
Confederación Perú-Boliviana
Timeline: 1879: Agreement

OTL equivalent: Peru, Bolivia parts of Ecuador and Chile
Flag of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation No coa
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital La Paz and Lima
Largest city Lima
Other cities Tacna, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Cusco, Antofagasta
  others Aymará, Quechua
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Presidential republic
President Álvaro García
Area 3,054,612 km²
Population 30,000,000 
Established 1836
Independence from Spain
  declared 1821 (Peru)
1809 (Bolivia)
  recognized 1879
Currency Peso
The Peru-Bolivian Confederation (Spanish: Confederación Peru-Boliviana), is a country in western-central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the east, Chile, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, Colombia to the north and Ecuador to the west.

Prior to European colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia and most of Peru were parts of the Inca Empire - the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. During most of the Spanish colonial period, this territory was called was under the administration of the Viceroyalty of Peru, which included most of Spain's South American colonies. After declaring independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar, on 6 August 1825.

Meanwhile, Peru remained a royalist stronghold. As the elite hesitated between emancipation and loyalty to the Spanish Monarchy, independence was achieved only after the military campaigns of José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar.the independence of Peru was declared in 1821, athough full emancipation only would be achieved in 1824.

In the 1830's, Marshal Andrés de Santa Cruz, president of Bolivia at the time, got involved in internal Peruvian political problems and succeeded in unifying Peru and Bolivia into a confederation, the Peru-Bolivian Confederation, in 1836.

The Peru-Bolivian Confederation is a developing country, with a High Human Development Index score and the second largest economy of South America.The population of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation, estimated at 30 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, Asians and Africans. The main language spoken is Spanish, although the Aymara and Quechua languages are also common and all three, as well as 34 other indigenous languages, are official. The large number of different cultures within the Peru-Bolivian Confederation has contributed greatly to a wide diversity in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

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