Alternate History

Persian Gulf War II

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Persian Gulf War II / World War III

19 March 2011


11 January 2015


Middle East, North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, East Asia,Eastern Europe, Caucasus Region


Treaty of Rio de Janeiro

  • All hostilities between NATO, Japan, and South Korea and CIS countries and China.
  • Abkhazia, South Ossetia, People's Republic of Donetsk, and People's Republic of Luhansk recognized.
  • Sanctions lifted off of Russian officials.
  • Russian troops withdraw from Transinistria.
  • Russia ends support to Syria and Iran.

Treaty of Cape Town

  • Saudi Arabia and its allies sign ceasefire with Iran and its allies.
  • Yemen divided into North and South Yemen along 1990 borders.
  • Independent Kurdish state created.
  • New inclusive governments formed in Iraq, Syria, and Libya under supervision of both Iran and Saudi Arabia.
  • African combatants end hostilities.
  • Federalized governments created in all African combatant states.
Major battles:
  • Battle of Sana'a
  • Battle of Doha
  • Battle of Jizyan
  • Battle of Mecca
  • Battle of Aleppo
  • Battle of Luhansk
  • Battle of Odessa
  • Battle of Karachi
  • Battle of Srinagar
  • Battle of Belgrade
  • Siege of Warsaw

United States of America, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Yemen,

  • Hadi Loyalists
  • Southern Secessionists
  • Sunni Militias
  • Ansar al-Sharia

Egypt, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Israel, Iraqi Sunni Militias, Free Syrian Army, Jordan, Turkey, Al-Qaeda (in some areas), Libya - NGNC, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Pakistan, Afghanistan, NATO, Ukraine, Moldova, Bosnia, Kosovo, Albania, Croatia, Slovenia, Greece, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Georgia, Azerbaijan

Russia, Iran, Yemen

  • Houthis
  • Saleh Loyalists

Iraqi Shiite Militias, Syrian Armed Forces, Hamas, Hezbollah, Kurdish Militias, Libya - Libya Dawn, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somali Factions, Democratic Reoublic of the Congo, Angola, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, China, North Korea, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Belarus, Pro-Russian Ukrainian Rebels, Transinistria, Serbia, Macedonia, Serb Militias, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Armenia, Venezuela

  • Barack Obama
  • General Joseph L Votel
  • King Abdulaziz
  • Benjamin Netanyahu
  • Vladimir Putin
  • Ayatollah Khameini
  • General Qasem Soleimani



Casualties and Losses
  • 18.8 million KIA
  • 21.9 million WIA
  • 560,000 MIA
  • 41.26 million Total
  • 19.1 million KIA
  • 21.5 million WIA
  • 750,000 MIA
  • 41.35 million Total
Causes of the War

Though the immediate cause of the war was a rapid escalation of sectarian conflicts and civil wars in the Middle East, the long term causes of the war were much deeper. A cold war type conflict for world influence had been long fought between US and its NATO allies and Russia and China, and to some extent India. Additionally, Shiite Iran and Sunni Saudi Arabia had long been vying for leadership of the Muslim world. There was deep mistrust among both sides, and each was unwilling to let its proxy faction lose ground, lest control of the vital resources in the region slip away from them completely. This led to the startlingly rapid escalation of what would otherwise be fairly common civil wars in the Middle East.

Start of the War

As Arab Spring took hold of North Africa and the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and its Sunni allies in the Gulf states began funding secular and Islamist rebels against the Assad Regime in Syria, Mubarak in Egypt, and Qaddafi in Libya. Iran responded by supporting Shiite groups in these regions. Iran also supported the Houthi rebels in northern Yemen. The KSA and its allies responded by supporting the Yemeni government with air strikes and ground support. In turn, Iran created and funded the Qatari Workers Liberation Army to destabilize the Saudi ally. Saudi Arabia launched a coalition invasion to remove the Qatari rebels. Pakistani troops in the coalition, ended up killing 139 Indian laborers, sparking an Indian invasion of Pakistan. The coalition declared war on India, subsequently Iran, Russia, and China declared war against the GCC coalition. The United States and NATO then declared war. After that point, almost every major world power had entered the war, causing many people to call it World War 3.

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