Persian Front
Part of Global War
300px-Iran-Iraq War Montage-1-
Clockwise from top to left: Persian soldier with gas mask in the battlefield, Persian troops celebrating their victory after Operation Before the Dawn, Baghdad Conference, British Petroleum Company oil rig destroyed after Persian naval strike.
Date 22 September 1989 (1989-09-22) – 22 August 1992 (1992-08-22)
(1 year, 10 months, 4 weeks and 1 day)
Location Iran–Iraq border
Result Decisive British victory, end of the Global War in the Middle East; abdication of Reza Pahlavi

  • Russian occupation of Northern Iran
  • British occupation of Southern Iran
League of Nations

British Empire
Ottoman Empire

Commanders and leaders
Saddam Hussein
President of Mesopotamia
Abulhassan Banisadr
1st President of Iran
Casualties and losses
Total dead:
Total dead:

The Persian Front of the Global War was a theatre of conflict between the Imperial State of Iran against the Mesopotamia, British Empire, the Russian Empire and some other Allies which encompassed the British Middle East and Russian Central Asia from 22 September 1991 to 17 September 1993.

After the failed offensive operations by Iran, the Russian and the British armed forces invaded Iran. The invasion lasted from 25 August to 17 September 1993, and was codenamed Operation Countenance. The purpose was to secure Iranian oil fields and ensure League of Nations supply lines for the Russian fighting against Coalition forces on the Eastern Front. Though Iran proposed a ceasefire, according to the League its monarch Rezā Shāh was friendly toward the Coalition powers and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was deposed during the subsequent occupation and replaced with his young son Reza Pahlavi.

The conflict cost both sides in lives and economic damage: half a million Iraqi and Iranian soldiers, with an equivalent number of civilians, are believed to have died, with many more injured; however, the war brought neither reparations nor changes in borders.