Persia has a unique and complicated history with the dying Arabian Federation. Ancient trade routes still benefit Persia, largely due to the intensive system of railroads that crisscross the nation. All goods from the East not shipped via sea cross Persia's borders at some point or another.
The History of Persia is most often divided into era based on the ruling dynasty. This system, which is universally accepted for Persia, creates simple time frames based on when certain groups ruled the might of Persia. The eras of Persia are: Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian, Sassanid, Abbasid, Mongol, Timurid/Aq Qoyunlu, Caliphate, First Askari, Roman and Arabian Interregnum, and Second Askari.
~Note~ Only the Aq Qoyunlu, Caliphate, and Askari Histories are in PMII, so they will be the only ones detailed here.
This period began following the Great Plague, which killed the former Shah, and led to the ascension of Shah Suleiman I, who effectively stopped the spread of the Plague in Persian borders. His son, Arsuf I (r. 1662-1683), was a powerful leader. His son, however, Suleiman II (r. 1683-1695) led the nation to its downfall after a join invasion by Rome, the Dimurats, and the Arabian Federation. When Suleiman II was assassinated, his so, Arsuf II led a massive ritual suicide, ending the First Askari Dynasty.
The Second Askari Dynasty is the current Ruling House of Persia, and was established (or re-established, as many romanticists have it) by Shah Aslan Askari in 1823.
The most notable achievement to date was the created of the Republican Monarchist system, which many see to be vital to the perpetuation of the empire.
With recent reforms instituted by the Shah Aslan Askari, Persia has reformed into a Republican Monarchy, where the Shah acts as the executive of the government, and two Parliaments act as law making bodies, while a court system maintains the overall regulation of law.
Since Aslan was an usurper himself (although largely ignored by his contemporaries), he always had a slight paranoia of an usurpation on his or his successor's throne. In order to prevent this, Aslan looked to different ways to change the government in order to make it less autocratic.
The precedent for a less autocratic government existed under the First Askari Dynasty, but it was removed during the interregnum period.
The most recent government change was in 1844.
Sultanates and Sheikdoms
The Empire of Persia is an extremely large land-based empire, so it was deemed needed to create small divisions to allow the people of Persia limited self-government and local control. It was for that goal that Sheikdoms were created for the main regions of Persia that are traditionally Persia.
Once Persia began expanding, Sultanates were established in newly conquered lands to give an even greater sense of autonomy to the people, while the Shah can still monitor the events of his Sultanates.
The current Royal Family of the Persian Empire are the Askari. They are led by Shah Aslan Askari, a distant relative of the preceding First Askari Dynasty, which dominated Persia during the 1600s. He can trace his ancestry back to Arsuf II, son of Suleiman II, son of Arsuf I, son of Suleiman I.
Persian culture is very distinct, but the culture of the Persian Empire is still being formed. Shah Arsuf I Askari has developed a plan, which he calls the 80-Year Plan, to integrate all of the religions, languages, ethnicities, and cultures together into a single Persian identity.