The Islamic Republic of Persia is a country located in Southern and Western Asia. Persia is bordered by Arabia to the south, Turkey to the west, France to the north, and India to the east. It is one of the last oil producing nations on the planet, with other deposits of oil in other countries dried up. Persia has an population of an estimate 90,000,000 people and is one of the smaller countries on the planet, compared to the size of the French Empire or the United States.
Iran is a founding member of the United Nations. The political system of Iran, based on the 1979 constitution, comprises several intricately connected governing bodies. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader. Shia Islam is the official religion and Persian is the official language.Persia is a regional power, and holds an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Iran has the second largest proven natural gas reserves in the world and the fourth largest proven petroleum reserves.