The People's Republic of Hawaii is a Communist state in the Pacific Ocean that was founded 60 years after Robert Wilcox's 1895 counter revolution preventing the Provisional Government's attempts at annexation by the United States.


On January 10th, 1895, two years following the overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani, Robert Wilcox - along with the assistance of Captain Tōgō Heihachirō of Imperial Japan - led several hundred rebels and Japanese Marines against government troops into a ten day struggle leading to the liberation of Honolulu, and evacuation of the Provisional Government by the United States. On the 30th of January Liliuokalani's proposed 1893 constitution was enacted along with the formation of the Queen's new government.


HHMS Domonis (USS Nipsic) in Mesopotamia 1917

Hawaii eventually became diplomatically closer to the Empire of Japan to the point that Hawaii declared war on Germany and Austria-Hungary along with Japan in 1914. Hawaii declared war on the Ottoman Empire shortly thereafter. Hawaiian soldiers saw action in Tsingtao, and Mesopotamia, along with sending troops to assist in occupying German Samoa. In the Interwar years Hawaii, now under the reign of King Kuhio,


Royal Soldiers Advancing on Ottoman Positions.

increases its relations with Japan, eventually Hawaii's most diplomatically important resource. Pearl Harbor was turned into an advanced naval base for the Imperial Japanese Navy. Meanwhile, the Royal Hawaiian Armed Forces were undergoing massive modernization programs taking on new guns, ships and planes mainly of Japanese manufacture.


Japanese warship entering Pearl Harbor, 1920's

By the 1930's as Japan expands its borders to the east, Hawaii was maintained as the backbone of the Empire's Western defensive with several Naval and Air bases located on the islands, and several thousand soldiers stationed there along with the Royal Hawaiian Military. Hawaii also became a prosperous and industrial nation, with advances in the field of medicine, and an increase of migrating Japanese workers caused Hawaii's population to rocket in the years after the war to well over 500,000 people, mainly Hawaiian and Japanese. The seizure of the all of the private and public holdings of the Provisional Government Members including several massive plantations allowed the Government to make a massive amount of money which it used to fund massive public projects such as housing and infrastructure, making Honolulu a prosperous westernized city, and became a major seat of power in the Pacific.

Flag of the People's Republic of Hawaii


Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono


Mele o ke kānaka




Hawaiian, English, Japanese, others


Marxist–Leninist single-party state

General Secretary

Mazie Hirono

January 3, 2013-



James Aiona

December 6, 2010-



Colleen Hanabusa

December 26, 2012-Present


July 26, 1957


10,931 sq mi



  • 450,000 Native Hawaiians

  • 250,000 Japanese

  • 50,000

  • Caucasian

  • 100,000 Other


King Edward Kawananakoa reviewing troops Mid 1930's

As the world was on the verge of another world war, Hawaii had a very drastic decision to make, either to stick with Great Britain, their long time friends from the beginning, or to take sides with Japan its most devoted and trusted ally for over forty years. Hawaii's legislature knew that choosing neutrality would cause only further harm to it as it would gain nothing but distrust from both sides. Eventually Hawaii chose to stick by Japan's side in the conflict in any way possible. On December 10th 1941, using Pearl Harbor as his launch point, Vice Admiral Nagumo launched a massive carrier task force to attack San Diego causing massive losses among the US Pacific fleet including the USS Saratoga. While the United States took longer to recover they were able to make a comeback, making Hawaii their first target to strike as the centre of Japan's western naval defences. The two fleets approached each other northwest of Hilo in Summer of 1942, and while the United States navy was prepared with several new carriers, the Japanese had the advantage with long range reconnaissance from the Big Island, and the Japanese submarine base in Hilo giving them the advantage in locating the enemy fleet, and causing the Americans to gain heavy losses, including the carriers Lexington, Yorktown, and Wasp.

US Commanders were persistent, and in the spring of


USS Wasp Sinking north of Hilo.

1943, another massive American fleet, including the aircraft carriers Hornet, Enterprise and several of the new Essex class carriers was assembled, and made its way towards the islands. Once again the Japanese fleet came to meet it. But this time the pure numbers and force that the Americans had assembled overwhelmed Nagumo's fleet causing heavy losses, including several carriers.


Hawaiian light artillery units firing upon advancing US forces

Over the next few months, American forces found themselves fighting a savage fight against both Hawaiian and Japanese units heavily dug in as they were forced to make their way from island to island up the chain towards Oahu, with resistance holding up every step of the way.

Eventually, Hawaiian commanders saw that the fighting was hopeless now that Japanese reinforcements were cut off, and the Imperial fleet was in shambles. By early summer as US forces based on Maui and the Big Island prepared for a large amphibious assault on Oahu, King Edward Kawānanakoa surrendered to the US forces, and ordered all Hawaiian forces to lay down their arms while allowing all remaining Japanese forces to evacuate while making the negotiations.

Following Hawaii's surrender to the allies, its military was disarmed and Allied officers replaced Hawaiian officials in administering government. The King remained on the throne, but had all power stripped, and martial law was enacted. Up until the end of the war several protests took place throughout the islands, complaining about the decline in liberties and public welfare. The military was dispatched on all occasions, and on several occasions led to bloodshed.


During "America's second occupation of Hawaii", several violent groups still loyal to the crown launched multiple attacks against allied armed forces, including sabotage, assault of allied sympathisers, and several times even several killings of American soldiers. Tensions rose dramatically to the point where the Hawaiian Government along with all Government employees was replaced by members of the United States Military led by General Robert C. Richardson, Jr., (even King Edward Kawānanakoa was removed from the palace and placed under close watch under MP supervision). Violent tensions only rose as a result, and thousands of Marines were sent to Hawaii to smother any revolt that might take root in this once friendly nation. Further actions were taken in which hundreds of community and former government and military leaders were rounded up and either sent to camps on Oahu, or to the United States (Including much of the royal family),

thousands of Japanese citizens were also persecuted by US authorities due to their "Possible involvement in collaborating with Japanese officials". At that point, the tension reached its meltdown point with several armed riots led by former officers of the Royal Armed forces, the most noteworthy was the one led by former 1st Lieutenant Daniel Inouye, who in action against several dug in American machine gun nests, lost one of his arms. Eventually the revolts were put down by experienced soldiers fresh from combat in the East, and the military's grip slowly began to lessen on daily life, as violent opposition became less and less frequent.

Soon after the surrender of Japan, Hawaii's civilian government was re-established, a small police force and royal bodyguard was also authorised, but American forces maintained a constant presence in the islands, and once again foreign business owners began to take holdings in the islands, and with a very anti-Communist American occupation force, caused working conditions in Hawaii to once again drop to that of the Provisional Government. As this was happening underground groups sought to remove the American occupation forces and business owners. With the expansion of Communism in the early Cold War its influences became greater and greater in Hawaii, and several political groups sprang up, and eventually they all merged together into The Communist Party of Hawaii, gaining a massive amount of supporters who all were against the increase of control of Hawaii's economy by American businessmen. By the early 1950's support for Hawaii became so extensive, American politicians and businessmen became concerned that a country with such a geologically important location as Hawaii could become a Warsaw Pact member and possibly encourage further revolutions in the Americas such as in Cuba and Bolivia.

In 1951 several large synchronized raids took place

Sesq3hawaiiseventrial b

Several Senior Members during their trials for treason.

arresting much of the party's senior leaders and charging them with conspiring to overthrow the Government of Hawaii. This didn't help and by 1954 large movements by the party were orchestrated for a peaceful transition of the government, and much of the existing government including the new queen either didn't wish for bloodshed to maintain their hold of power, or even supported the proposed change in power; everyone that is, except for many of the foreign residents that have replaced Hawaii's old economy with a new one under their control.

The final move took place in July 24, 1957 when the Party gave the go ahead to made a move against the government, several hundred soldiers and police were dispatched to deal with the uprising finding themselves outmanned and outgunned by thousands and thousands of farmers, plantation workers, factory workers, fishermen, and veterans of the Royal Armed forces who were armed with thousands of Russian-supplied rifles though they were instructed to only return fire. In the end they didn't need to for most of the men sent against them actually joined the revolt, and the remaining military, and police commanders (many of whom were actual supporters of the Party) called back the remainder without a fight. Later in the day within the inner chambers of the Parliament building, Prime Minister Samuel Wilder King held an emergency council discussing what should be government's reaction with what was now considered a full out revolution. After several hours of debate it was unanimously (with the exception of the few foreign officials and their supporters) that it was the best interest in the state, and the people in the state to make a peaceful transition a new form of Government. By the end of the day, it was all over without a single shot fired as both the Queen and Prime Minister signed a recognition of the Party as the new Government, and the release of all the Party leaders arrested three years earlier (many of whom were immediately appointed to offices in the Government.


President John A. Burns with royal flag during sign over ceremony.

The official handover ceremony took place on the 26th of July as the queen and her personal staff signed control over Hawaii over to the People's Republic of Hawaii, and retired from office. Violence later occurred, however, as many of Hawaii's business owners knew that this transition in government would mean an end to their way of life as the government would take collective control of Hawaii's economy. They, and several hundred supporters, (mainly those that they persuaded through fear) took up arms against the party with the intentions of creating a second Republic of Hawaii.  These uprisings were, however, defeated by Captain Gordon Chung-Hoon and Colonel Ross T. Dwyer of the Peoples Army, and Colonel Farrant L. Turner of the Royal Guard with little bloodshed as most of the supporters of the Second Republic immediately turned themselves in as the fighting started, and the few that remained were quickly overwhelmed by member of both the Peoples army, and Royal Guard along with armed supporters of the Party.

Honolulu 1960s
During the first several years of the People's Republic, while many freedoms were expanded for the people, Hawaii's economy suffered greatly. Due to Hawaii's switch over to Communism, the United States, Hawaii's primary trading partner since WWII, immediately cut off all trade with Hawaii with the intentions of persuading the people to transition government once again to one more open to US policies. As a result, the Party immediately opened meetings with both the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China for new sources of trade, and after several meetings with both nations, Hawaii was finally able to open trade with the two superpowers saving Hawaii's economy from collapse. As Hawaii became more and more industrial, more and more people began to move to the cities such as Hilo and Honolulu. Hotels that since the revolution had been abandoned by American tourists, have been converted to living quarters for Hawaii's new factory workers.

By the early seventies, a new wave of tourism began to

reach Hawaii. With improvements in air travel, and Hawaii's new change in government, many of the Soviet Union's workers and politicians began to be drawn to Hawaii's tropical climate from their frigid homeland in the winter months. Several of Hawaii's most prestigious hotels, including the Manoa, Alexander Young, and Royal Hawaiian were reconverted to their pre-revolution glory for their new guests.

While Hawaii was becoming closer to the Communist world, its relations with The United States and the rest of NATO deteriorated. As a result, Hawaii offered Pearl Harbor as an advanced Naval Base for the Soviet Union, which was graciously accepted. Along with that, Hawaii also began to rebuild its military capability with Soviet equipment. Soon a fairly modern force was assembled including tanks such as the T-34/85, SU-100, and IS-3, and even a capable air force made up of the MiG-15 and MiG-17 was assembled along with officers trained in the Soviet Union to lead it.


Hawaiian MIGs over Hanoi

As the war began to heat up, Military leaders became aware that their forces had little or no combat experience, save in 1957, and WWII for the older men in the armed forces. In 1966, General Francis Takemoto proposed to send several members of the armed forces to fight in North Vietnam, primarily fighter pilots for combat experience. With approval of the Central Committee, around 150 men volunteered to head to North Vietnam along with Soviet, North Korean, Chinese, and Cuban soldiers. Their major role was air defence both on the ground and in the air, and because of Hawaii’s high number of English speakers compared to other Communist states, many found themselves as guards at POW camps for interrogation, and other roles.

As the war wore on, military command made more requests for more men to be sent to the conflict in Vietnam, and their was no shortage of willing volunteers to go in. In 1969, General Ross T. Dwyer was given the go ahead from the central committee to send out send out an additional 200 volunteers to move out to South East Asia, this new wave of volunteers now included doctors, engineers, and infantry officers who saw action in the northern sectors by the DMZ. By the end of the war several pilots and infantrymen were lost but was considered an overall success in giving Hawaii’s military valuable experience in combat.

Heads of State and Government of Hawaii Post 1957 revolution:

General Secretary



William S. Richardson

July 26, 1957

December 2, 1966

Spark Matsunaga

December 2, 1966

April 15, 1990 ✝

Daniel Akaka

May 16, 1990

January 3, 2013

Mazie Hirono

January 3, 1213


John A. Burns

July 26, 1957

December 2, 1974

George Ariyoshi

December 2, 1974

December 2, 1986

John Waiheʻe III

December 2, 1986

December 2, 1994

Benjamin Cayetano

December 2, 1994

December 2, 2002

Mazie Hirono

December 2, 2002


Randy Iwase


December 6, 2010

James Aiona

December 6, 2010


Jack Wayne Hall

July 26, 1957

January 2, 1971 ✝

Daniel Inouye

January 2, 1971

December 17, 2012 ✝

Colleen Hanabusa

December 27, 2012


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