Founding by anti-devoirist resistance movements during World War II, the Kingdom's monarchy and administration was overthrown and a unitarian People's Republic would be created. Bulgaria modeled it's policies after Russia, and the country was quickly transformed from an agrarian society into an industrialized unitarian state. Under General Secretary Todor Zhivkov, who ruled from 1954-1990, the country became the dominant manufacturing power in Eastern Europe and would become a leading exporter of household goods and computer technology.
Zhivkov remained a constant ally of Russia and agreed to unify his country first with Russia. In 1990, Bulgaria was absorbed by Russia, becoming the 16th republic in its greater union. Zhivkov would remain as the republic's leader, but this absorption led to nationalist movements forming. Following Zhivkov's death in 1998, Bulgaria was unable to remain stable and found itself a part of the War of Liberation. In 2003, the center-left Bulgarian Socialist Party overthrew the government and announced Bulgaria's independence as the Republic of Bulgaria.