Angola, formally referred to as the People's Republic of Angola (República República Popular de Angola) was a country located in south-western Africa. It lasted for a little less than 30 years with the nation being replaced by modern Angola. It shared borders with the nations of Zambia, Namibia, and the DRC/Zaire.
For modern Angolan history, see the Angola page.
After gaining independence in 1975, Angola went through a devastating civil war which lasted through the nation's entire lifetime. Angola's three main guerrilla groups, UNITA, FNLA, and MPLA had agreed to establish a transitional government in early 1975; however, months later they all had begun fighting each other again. Angola was split into zones controlled by armed political groups. TheMPLAhad control over much of the nation, including the capital Luanda. However, numerous other nations including the United States, Zaire, and South Africa intervened in favor of UNITA and the MPLA; which Cuba decided to aid. For most of the nation's history, the MPLA held onto their socialist regime, with minor conflicts occurring with the other groups during various points of the nation's history.
Second Congo War
During the Second Congo War, Angola played a large part in supporting the current government (at the time) of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They supplied the Congolese troops with gear and even sent some of their own troops in despite the civil war. However, in 1999, the actions of the People's Republic of the Congo shocked the world; in a stunning military campaign they invaded the entirety of the DRC. After the annexation, the nation also had plans for their opponent of Angola. They sent aid and troops to the UNITA held-territories in hopes of discarding of the current regime which hated them. Some minor support from other Communist nations occurred, but Angola was no match for UNITA and the Congolese armies.
The nation was a Marxist-Leninist nation, much like the Soviet Union It had both a president and a prime minister, but democracy was limited. The nation also took some influence from the Castro regime as Cuba was a major supporter of Uganda.