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Partition of India (Dawn of War Map Game)

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The Partition of India is an ongoing meeting between members of the newly formed NATO & EU in New Delhi, India in 1948. The reason for it taking place is that after WWII India began vying for independence but the British refused to listen. Soon protests began and a man named Gandhi led peaceful protests against the British Empire. His assassination occurred many months later leading to many more riots and horrific war in India. After troops from the UK, Australia and the de facto Indian government stabilised the land the United Kingdom finally considered giving up its huge colony. The Indian National Congress decided that the best place to meet and talk about the partition of India, Pakistan and other British colonies in Asia would be in New Delhi. The outcome of the meeting is still undecided.

Background

After the end of World War II, the Federation gave funding to the independence movement of the Dominion of India, particularly to Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi then gave a speech to further his case for Indian independence, citing that India had the duty to rebuild its post-war nation, and the United Kingdom did not have the necessary funds to do so, but an independent India, an India that was free to make its own decisions and trade agreements, could acquire the means necessary to rebuild India. A year after this, a Hindu extremist killed Gandhi, opposing his non violent ways, and resulted in India being plunged into chaos. This chaos alarmed the United Kingdom, and it was a wake up call to them to help India stabilize itself and to let India go via the Partition of India.

Parties

  • The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • The Indian National Congress
  • Australia
  • The United States
  • Canada
  • France
  • Italy
  • The Netherlands
  • The Republic of China
  • The People's Republic of China

Negotiations

The United Kingdom: We present the Indian Independence Act.

Terms of the Indian Independence Act

  • Division of British India into three sovereign states.
    • India
    • Pakistan
    • British East India
  • The entirety of the Eastern India (OTL Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sikkim, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura, & Arunachal Pradesh) will continue to be part of the UK and will be referred to as British East India.
  • Partition of Bengal and Punjab between India and Pakistan.
  • Establishment of the office of Governor-General in India and Pakistan, as representatives of the UK.
  • Complete legislative authority in the two new nations.
  • Termination of British suzerainty over the princely states.
  • Termination of the use of title of "Emperor of India" by the British Monarchy.

Party Votes

The United Kingdom: We think these terms are reasonable and will help to end the bad relations between us and the Indian people.

Canada: Canada think the Indian Independence Act should include less territories leaved under UK control, but that in exchange the King of UK keep the title Emperor of India and remain defacto head of the state, like in Canada and Australia, and that like those countries the constitution of India should be stock in London (OOC: Yeah, in OTL the constitution of Canada was in London until 1982).

The United Kingdom: We have to disagree with Canada. We are given the Dominion of India full independence. The Indian National Congress is already the de facto head of state and if we were to take that position from them then it would become unstable again. We think the Act is reasonable and it benefits both sides. India and Pakistan are given freedom and we will still keep a small portion of land.

Federation Dip: You are broke, with rebellion in half of your most profitable colonies ... and you demand to keep territory. The Federation supports complete independence of India and Pakistan and no less. We will not push for independence of your african territories but you seem to be lacking the foresight to realize your nation cannot hold any part of India long term.

Indian National Congress Dip: We thank the Federation for intervening for our complete independence, and we present a counter proposal

The Indian National Congress: We present the Indian Independence Act.

Terms of the Indian Independence Act (Indian Version)

  • Division of British India into one state, the Federation of India, and shall be comprised of three Federal sub states, modeled after the Federation of the Americas. :
    • India
    • Pakistan
    • East India
  • The entirety of the Dominion of India will become de jure independent
  • Termination of British suzerainty over the princely states.
  • Termination of the use of title of "Emperor of India" by the British Monarchy.

Canada: We are reticent about this, as we believe this would only throw India into the arms of the Federation of USSR.

INC: We understand Canada's concern. However, we are merely going to remain as the same state, in one whole, only independent.

Canada: We think that many country, including UK, would be more disposed to the Indian Version of the Terms of Indian Independence Act if India was to join NATO after the Independence (We would be happy to support your version you added joining NATO to it, and would even actively try to persuade UK to support it).

British Diplomacy: Our economy is admittedly weaker than ever before but we are not willing to so easily give up our land in Asia. We think that the Indian Version of the Indian Independence Act does not favour the United Kingdom in any way whatsoever.

British Diplomacy: We think that India should either reconsider the terms of their version or allow British East India to be a specially administered zone of the free state of India so that British power will remain there and help to prevent the influence of the USSR from taking over India.

INC: The USSR has very little influence on us, our official stance is anti-Communist and the Soviet Union's funding for Communism in India is spread thin globally, so there is no need for Britain to remain in India. In regards to benefiting the United Kingdom, an independent India will ensure an uplift in morale, happiness, and worker productivity. If we maintain a trade agreement, the United Kingdom can benefit greatly from an economic boom as a result of Indian independence.

British Diplomacy: After hearing India's response we think that their terms may be beneficial but we would like to have offices for Governor-Generals as representatives and would like to have a military presence remain in India in order to A) Protect it during the transition period B) Help to aid the Republic of China during its conflict with the PRC and C) To aid the French armies in French Indochina. Other than that we agree with India's terms. But two thirds of the states present at this meeting must vote in order for this to be finalised.

Federation Dip: We once again tell the British you lack any and all power to project into India. Accept full independence with no British conditional terms. If this is not met then all British forces will be cut off from India. They have earned their unconditional independence and reserve the right to leave as an independent nation. Any further attempts to secure a rump colony will disqualify the British from these proceedings.

British Diplomacy: All we want is peace in this area of the world and we want to keep troops in India for the time being in order to help protect areas that are currently threatened by the communists parties in East Asia and to protect India during it's transition.. In our last response we did not claim that we wanted to keep land in India, we merely wanted representatives there. The decision of whether or not we will be able to operate troops in India still is the decision of the INC so for now all we have to do is wait.

Saudi Arabia: Suggests a fully independent India, made of three nations: Pakistan, India, and East India. Pakistan and East India will become NATO members, and India will become an SDP member. Britain completely leaves India.

INC: We agree with Britain's proposal of keeping soldiers in India for the time being for the purpose of helping us with our transition to independence in exchange for us being as one independent nation,. However, we demand the gradual withdraw of British troops over the next five years, as that will be a good enough time to end the transitional period. The United Kingdom may keep diplomats in India, but they shall have the political power as any other international diplomat and will no longer have special status as they did when India was under British rule. Since this was the only contested issue, The Indian National Congress officially declares its independence from British rule, and from now on, the Dominion of India shall be reffered to as the Federation of India

Spain: We propose that India be divided be divided amongst ethnic and religious lands by dividing it amongst Dravidistan, Sri Lanka, Bengal, Assam, Baluchistan, Punjabistan, Pashtunistan, Gujarat and Hindustan. The princely states will either choose to join one of these nations or be independent. Alter if need be.

Federation: The Federation shoots down the Spanish proposal. India will be free as a single state. That is non-negotiable.

British Diplomacy: Thank you for excepting our proposal. We will respect you and begin to remove our military presence from your nation in less than five years. Once again we say thank you for allowing us to keep representatives in India and we congratulate you on your independence Federation of India.

NEGOTIATIONS ARE NOW CLOSED. THANK YOU FOR YOUR PARTICIPATION.

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