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Second Empire (1930- 47)
An Empire Disunited
1930- Rebels across Latin America converge in the Tegucigalpa Revolt, but are crushed by American troops. In the U.S, riots over the economy are widespread. Dawes raises tariff rates and slashes spending in an attempt to balance the budget, however, the high tariff prices spark a trade war, worsening the Depression. The third Ghazi attack is barely stopped.
1931- A Holy Army from Siberia finishes a long march across Russia. Lead by Grigori Rasputin, bitter and now anti-Semitic at his losses during the Civil War, the Holy Army overthrows the coalition government and establishes the theocratic, Slavophile, anti-Semitic, New Russian Empire. Rasputin, with advice from his Georgian adviser Josef Dughashvili, plans to wrest away Georgia from the United States. Later that year, he invades. American and Greek troops repel the Russians from Armenia, but fighting continues. Russian and American naval ships clash in the North Pacific. Thousands of soldiers die. Neither of the nations really want a war, with the Depression hitting them hard, and rebellions domestically. A ceasefire is negotiated the following year. While the Americans fight the Russians; Rashidi Arabia and its Ghazi allies attempt to take Mecca again. The American appointed Emir of Mecca organizes an army with the British to repel the invaders. The Rashidis are defeated, but recent oil discoveries boost their economy.
1932- The Russian army is allowed to take over Georgia, in return for wartime reparations. This allows the Americans to focus on their Rashidi enemy, which, after a campaign of desert warfare, is overwhelmed, and is jointly occupied by the U.S and Britain. Casualties reach as high as 1500 Americans dead. An insurgency in the Philippines has also grown costly. The costly wars continue to stagnate the American economy. With the Republican party blamed for the wars and depressions, a Democrat, William Murray of Oklahoma, is elected president.
1933- President Murray initiates a series of programs known as the "New Deal". Government aid is extended to the poor, and public works programs are pushed through congress. It is partially financed through the selling of Georgia, but much of this has gone to maintenance of the colonies. Murray also implements a national eugenics program, targeting the handicapped and racial minorities. Murray also incites Anti-Semitism, leading to Jewish migration to Palestine. Lenin, a Russian refugee, and leader of the Communist International, aids a revolution in Germany, establishing the German Peoples' Republic.. Although he is technically not the leader, Lenin serves as a mentor to German Communists. The newly established Worker's Congress quickly suppresses domestic opposition, and builds up the military to fight against the "Capitalist aggressors." Austria, too, falls under Communist control. The French send aid to anti-Communist insurgents in the Rhineland. This leads to the Bucard raids, where French paramilitary groups attack Communists in the Rhineland.
1934- To deal with budgetary issues, Murray raises taxes in several colonies. With most native Hispanics living in poverty, the extra taxes spark a revolt. Delegations from Mexico, Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica, and Cuba meet in Havana and declare the Latin American Union, nominating Lazaro Cardenas as its President. Murray sends extra troops to the colonies, but the uprisings are very numerous and take time to be crushed. In France, riots by anti-Communist forces lead to the fall of the government, and the institution of a right-wing military regime. In response to this semi-coup and the Bucard raids, Germany threatens to attack France. A treaty is uneasily negotiated.
1935- The United States Army invades Venezuela, to oust L.A.U rebels and protect its assets there. While the government formally co-operates with the Americans, some Venezuelan dissidents join the L.A.U and fight until they surrender in 1937 from their bases in the South of the country. The U.S government begins sterilizing African-Americans and Latinos en masse, especially in the Caribbean.
1936- The economy has improved somewhat, due to the "New Deal" and an oil boom in Rashidi Arabia, which is dominated by the Standard Oil Trust. However, costly wars in the colonies remain unpopular. The United States is winning the war, but still has a long way to go. Cardenas and the Latin American Congress have fled to Buenos Aires, and conduct the war from there. William Borah narrowly wins election over Will Murray, marking the return of the republicans to power.
1937- The Sino-Japanese war begins, killing millions. American arms manufacturers make huge profits selling weapons to both sides. Borah sends a battleship to protect American interests in Hainan. He also reverses the racist policies of Murray, though the eugenics program remains in place. Riots take place in Armenia protesting American rule. In Germany, Lenin dies, leading to the ascension of the militaristic Leo Jogiches as Chancellor. He brings the Socialist-Workers party in Italy to power, who threaten to go to war with Britain.
1938- Panama and Costa Rica are formally annexed by the US. Revolts in the colonies resurge somewhat, due to funding from South America and Germany. A newly militaristic Argentina establishes a puppet government in Chile after a brief civil war, and annexes Uruguay. In response to US expansionism, Argentina, Chile, and Paraguay form the Pan-American Alliance (P-AA). Peru joins in 1939. In Europe, Jogiches takes over Czechoslovakia. Britain and France prepare for war.
1939- In Capitalist Poland, a general strike by workers, organized by Communists, is brutally crushed by the government. Jogiches orders the German army into Poland, leading to declarations of war from Britain and France. World War II had begun. Revolts in the colonies, funded by Germany become a crisis, with Borah doing little. He dies in office and Vice President Robert Taft becoming president. It is unknown how he will react to the war.
World War II
1940- With the conquest of Poland complete, Jogiches invades France, and quickly secures control of the country with heavy support from French leftist insurgents. The French Communists establish a collaborationist state in Lyon. Soon, Britain is bombed by German war planes. British aid in extending the American Empire leads to its demand for aid. Despite Taft's objections, Congress extends loans to the British, and sends a few warships to aid against the Germans, as according to the Treaty of Montreal, establishing the Anglo- American alliance. But as compensation, the U.S gains control of Bermuda and the remaining British bases in the Americas, excluding the Falklands. These are used to further crack down on American rebels. However, Taft refuses to directly intervene against Germany, despite pressure from Congress. As Communists seize control in Europe, left-wing groups and labor unions are oppressed in the U.S and Britain. The British Labor Party, associated with the Communist enemy, loses nearly all support. Taft loses election to a rising star, renowned aviator and Governor Richard Byrd (D-VA), who promises to take a strong stand against the Communists and reinforce the racist policies of Murray. He receives support from the traditionally Republican Imperialist establishment.
1941- A military coup results in General Ramirez becoming President of Argentina. As he completes an invasion of Bolivia with Paraguay started the year previously, he turns his eyes northwards. On April 4th, he attacks American bases in Ecuador and the Caribbean. On the same day, the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor, and attack other American bases in the Pacific. Rallying the nation, Richard Byrd declares war on both of these nations, and revives the World War I era agencies such as the Committee on Public Information to eliminate dissent. Patriot groups from World War I re-emerge and create an atmosphere of authoritarianism. Due to the heavy involvement of Jews in both the American and German Communist movements, the government also puts restrictions on Jews. Germany and Italy then declare war on the U.S. Civil War breaks out in Brazil over whom to support. The Brazilians fear the Americans, and their imperialist ambitions, but are also faced with Argentinian expansion. The P-AA invades to support leftist rebels seeking to overthrow Brazilian President Vargas. Byrd deploys troops to repel the invaders, but must also keep troops in the colonies to crush the revolts. Fortunately for Byrd a majority of the Hispanic population, despite rebellions, has remained loyal. These subjects greatly expand the American labor pool, allowing the U.S to carry out large scale efforts on multiple fronts. The French's Caribbean holdings are occupied. Intense naval warfare is conducted against Argentina and its allies Chile, Peru and Paraguay who along with the L.A.U, together form the Pan-American Alliance. In the Pacific, Japan attacks the Philippines, and occupies Guam. The U.S mobilizes its navy to protect these territories. Manilla is eventually occupied. The U.S, the British Commonwealth, and the Netherlands mobilize to stop the advancing Japanese tide, but it is advancing at an advanced rate, and the allies are occupied elsewhere, such as Greece. The Greeks had previously repelled an Italian invasion, and infiltrated Italian Turkey, but a combined German and Italian invasion overwhelms the country. Constantinople continues to be held by Allied forces, but it barely repels the German siege, in part due to its supplying by Russia. The Italians launch a failed attack on the Hejaz. However, Britain repels the German Air force, and lands troops in Africa, including Italian Ethiopia, which it occupies with the U.S. The Russian Empire enters the war after a German invasion to support Ukrainian and Lithuanian anarchists, and the conflict becomes global.
1942- With U.S aid, President Vargas wins the Brazilian Civil War and attacks Argentina. The U.S occupies Pro-Lyon French Guiana, and begins an invasion of Peru. In the Battle of Easter Island, American and Australian forces destroy large portions of the P-AA navy, breaking the link between South America and its supply routes to the Japanese Empire. However, these forces must quickly race to Midway, where they defeat the Japanese navy. The victories allow the U.S to deploy more troops to North Africa to aid British and Free French forces there against the Communist forces occupying Libya, Tunisia and much of Algeria. In Europe, Communist troops press into the Russian Empire, but take heavy casualties despite the Ukrainian Liberation Army's aid. After the failure of the Battle of Tsaritsyn, with the Russians reinforced by Armenians, the offensive halts, and the Russians begin a counteroffensive. In partitioned Turkey, Turkish rebels and their Italian allies, fight against American, Greek, and British forces, pushing their territory back, with the French withdrawing. Germans continue their raids on Atlantic shipping. Yet slowly but surely, the U.S begins forcing the Japanese navy back. In October, after a campaign conducted throughout the Andes, Lima is occupied, forcing Peru out of the war.
1943- In February, the United States wins the Battle of Santiago, and takes control of the city. The Chilean army holds out a little longer, but it eventually collapses, and only a few militias continue to resist. The victory is widely celebrated, but the morale boost is destroyed when L.A.U rebels capture Managua. The U.S army manages to recapture the city and destroy rebel forces in Nicaragua by June, with heavy casualties due to jungle warfare. Despite this setback, the Allies continue to make advances throughout the South American Theatre, occupying Tierra del Fuego, and various beachheads along the Argentine coast, including Buenos Aires. Brazil also occupies parts of Paraguay and Bolivia. The Turkish theater is more complicated, with an allied enclave around Constantinople expanding, but Communist forces make gains against in Mainland Anatolia against British Turkey and American Armenia. A surprise attack on Ankara overwhelms the Italians, and afterwords, the Allies begin pressing into Italian Turkey. The Germans are occupied in Africa and Russia, so they can do little except organize another failed assault on Constantinople. The Communists are not only being forced back in Turkey, they are forced to withdraw from Africa as well. Italy has become exhausted from the wars in Africa, the Balkans, and Turkey, so the Allies plan an invasion. Occupation in other theaters prevents an invasion until early October. In Eastern Europe, the Russians are slowly forcing the Germans back after a segment of the Ukrainian Liberation army defects to the Russians. The tide of the war has turned.
1944-The Allies push into Italy and slowly force it out of the war. The fall of Denizili in Turkey marks the end of the Italian Empire. With the capture of Anatolia, the Allies continue moving troops from that theater northwestward, liberating Greece and the Southern Balkans. The United States now occupies most of Anatolia, Libya, Tunisia, Greenland, Iceland, Peru, Chile and Bolivia. Early this year, Brazilian and American troops invade Paraguay and, after intense fighting, capture Asuncion. The remnants of the Paraguayan army are pushed into Argentina. The Allies continue to press west into Argentina, but distraction in other theaters prevent a blitzkrieg attack. In the Pacific, the United States and Japan fight desperately for control of every island. While the Allies have succeeded in pushing the Japanese back, the theater has become a stalemate, with armies making small advances at great costs. The United States has recaptured Guam and several other Pacific possessions. The war in the Pacific postpones allied efforts elsewhere, such as Europe and South America. However, with the war proceeding well for the Allies, plans to invade mainland Europe are drawn. On September 9th, the Allies begin landing troops in Normandy. While the Allies begin the process of invading France, the Japanese defeat an offensive into Burma, and invade India, aiming for Delhi. Bitter counteroffensives spring across India, with the nationalist movement split between liberating India from Britain, and preserving its territorial integrity. With Japan occupied in the Pacific, the offensive eventually halts.
1945- With the allied taking of Paris, the Communists are forced out of France by March. The allies march into German held territories, liberating the low countries after the Battle of Lorraine. The Russian Empire presses through Poland. Albania falls to American and Greek forces. And with the capture of Cordoba in Argentina, the P-AA ceases to exist. Lazaro Cardenas is executed, and the L.A.U is disbanded. This leads to the American annexation of Peru. Resistance against the occupying American forces is continued by guerrilla factions under Juan Peron. With Germany being attacked on all sides, the United States begins landings in Burma, Thailand, and Japanese held India. While fighting there is intense, the Japanese are more focused on defending their homeland, which has been threatened by Allied advances in the Pacific. After taking Thailand and Bangladesh, the Allied forces meet in Burma. Thailand serves as a base for the reconquest of the Philippines. Japan slowly becomes more isolated. As Capitalist forces seize most of Germany, the Communists release two nuclear bombs- one over Canterbury, England, and another over Tsaritsyn, Russia. This only infuriates the Allies, who drop a nuclear weapon on Vienna. With the fall of Berlin in November and the capitulation of Germany, Japan becomes the last Axis power standing, holding out despite the dropping of three atomic bombs on Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Osaka, which devastate their homeland.
1946- Europe is now divided into the Fascist " Iron Curtain" occupying Finland, Poland, Romania, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, North Bulgaria, and East Germany. The United States and Britain occupy France, the low countries, Italy, West Germany, and Austria, with a third region in the Balkans consisting of Albania, Macedonia, Thrace, Anatolia and South Bulgaria under joint American and Greek occupation (the British have left Turkey, and ceded its holdings there to the U.S). Tensions between the U.S and the Russian Empire are already evident, with Russian arms dealers secretly smuggling weapons to the Japanese. Rasputin considers an intervention against the United States, but rules that the Japanese are too weak at this point. Japan has withdrawn from South Asia, and is barely maintaining a foothold in the Pacific. Another atomic bomb is dropped on a Japanese naval base, and the U.S lands troops in Southern Japan. Japan shows no signs of surrendering until the killing of the Royal Family by an American bomber. The Japanese quickly lose moral, and Tokyo falls in July. While a few diehards continue fighting until 1947, this is generally considered to be the end of World War II. Japan, Korea, Thailand and Libya are temporarily placed under American colonial administrations. With American troops occupying Europe, much of Asia, Africa and virtually all of the Americas (Venezuela is annexed this year), the United States is now the most powerful nation in the world.