The Papal States were territories in the Italian peninsula under direct rule of the Pope from the 700s until 1486. The states were considered to be a manifestation of the power of the Pope. They were among the major powers of Italy from the eighth century until the dissolution of the States during the Ottoman invasion in 1486.
When Rome fell to the Ottomans, the States were dissolved and conquered by the Ottoman Empire as well as Venice and Florence. The majority of the nation was incorporated into the Eyalet of Napoli, under the regional control of the Patriarch of Rome. Eventually, some of the land was restored during the Spanish reconquest of the peninsula in the early 1500s as the Territory of Latium.