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The Pan-American Games are a multi-sport event held every four years in the year before the summer Olympic Games. Its participants are the national teams representing the member states of the Pan-American Union. They are organized by the Pan-American Sports Congress.
The idea of holding a regional version of the Olympic Games or related event was discussed by the delegates of the Americas in the International Olympic Committee in the 1920s.
In 1925 a regional meeting of representatives of the National Olympic Committees (NOCs) and regional sports federation established the Pan-American Sports Congress and voted the host country for the first continental games.
Pan-American Sports Congress
|Motto||América, Espírito, Sport, Fraternité|
|Anthem||Anthem of PASC|
|Working languages used by CDP-PASC-CSP||English, Spanish, Portuguese and French|
|Headquarters Executive Committee||Mexico D.F., México|
The Pan-American Sports Congress (CDP-PASC-CSP) is integrated by all the countries that are members of the Pan-American Union and regional sports organizations. It meets every four years and elects its President and Executive Committee.
As the decision-making body, the PASC is responsible for choosing the host city for each Pan-American Games. The host city is responsible for organizing and funding a celebration of the Games consistent with the Olympic Charter.
Membership of PASC consists of international and regional sports federations (IFs), National Olympic Committees (NOCs) - or National Sports Committees - that are recognized by PASC, and organizing committees for each specific Pan American Games.
Fraternal organizations, that also send delegates are the South American Football Confederation (Conmmebol), North and Central American Football Confederation (NCAFC), American Professional Football Association (APFA) and Major League Baseball (MLB).
Editions of Pan-American Games
|Version||Date||Summer Games||Winter Games||Notes|
|1.||1927||Buenos Aires (Argentina)||n/a|
|2.||1931||Chicago (United States)||n/a|
|3.||1935||Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)||Lake Placid (United States)||First Edition of Winter Games|
Sports played in the Pan-American Games
- Athletics (Track & Field, men and women)
- Basque pelota
- Beach Volleyball
- Cycling (road and track)
- Equestrian (dressage, eventing and jumping)
- Field Hockey
- Fusal (since 1935)
- Modern Pentathlon
- Rhythmic Gymnastics
- Roller Skating
- Skeet Shooting
- Squash Racquets
- Swimming (Men and Women)
- Synchronized Swimming
- Table Tennis
- Water Polo
- Water Skiing
- Wrestling - Freestyle
- Wrestling - Women's Freestyle
- Wrestling - Greco-Roman
Major sports played in the American continent but not necessarily recognized or affiliated to the Pan-American Sports Congress or International Olympic Committee.
- Football (or soccer), played in all countries of Western Hemisphere. The South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL), Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF and North American Football Confederation (NAFC) are the governing bodies. Major events are Copa América (CONMEBOL), NAFC Championship and CCCF Championship
- Baseball, mainly played in US, Cuba, Haiti, Puerto Rico, Panama, and Venezuela. The International Baseball Federation (IBAF/FIB) and Pan American Baseball Confederation (PABC/COPABE) are the governing bodies. The PABC/COPABE organized the American Baseball Championship, Intercontinental Baseball Cup and Serie Interamericana de Baseball.
- Basketball, played in all countries of Western Hemisphere. South American Club Championship is the major event
- American football, played in US, Mexico and Brazil. International Federation of American Football (IFAF) and Pan American Federation of American Football (PAFAF) are the international governing body.
- Ice Hockey, played in US and Canada.
- Cricket, played in all countries associated to ICF or former British Empire (Caribbean). The West Indies Cricket Board (WICB) is the governing body for professional and amateur cricket.
National Olympic Committees of the Pan-American Union
Full voting members of the Pan-American Sports Congress (CDP-PASC-CSP) are:
- Argentina (founding member, 1925 to date)
- Bolivia (1938 to date)
- Brazil (founding member, 1925 to date)
- Chile (founding member, 1925 to date)
- Colombia (1934 to date)
- Cuba (founding member, 1925 to date)1
- Dominican Commonwealth (1938 to date)
- Ecuador (1934 to date)
- Haiti (1930 to date)
- Mexico (founding member, 1925 to date)
- Panama (1930 to date)
- Paraguay (1938 to date)
- Peru (1929 to date)
- Puerto Rico (1930 to date)
- United States of America (founding member, 1925 to date)
- Uruguay (1930 to date)
- Venezuela (1934 to date)
- Honduras (1948 to date)2
- Nicaragua (1948 to date)2
- El Salvador (1948 to date)2
- Guatemala (1948 to date)2
- Costa Rica (1948 to date)2
- Federal Republic of Central America (from 1930 to 1948)
1 Former Republic of Cuba up to 1929 when it become the Associated Free State of Cuba.
2 Gained membership on the dissolution of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1948.