Palestine War
Part of the Arab–Israeli Wars
Raising the UAR Flag (This is the Dream)
The raising of the UAR flag by Major Mohamed Anan Amin over Tel Aviv (now Al-Nasr), marking the end of conventional warfare.
Date 18 May 1967 – 22 September 1967
(4 months and 4 days)
Location Middle East

Decisive Arab victory

Flag of Israel Israel Flag of United Arab Republic United Arab Republic
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972) Syria
Flag of Jordan Jordan
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972) Iraq
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon

Supported by:

Commanders and leaders
Flag of Israel Levi Eshkol
Flag of Israel Moshe Dayan
Flag of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
Flag of Israel Uzi Narkiss
Flag of Israel Motta Gur
Flag of Israel Israel Tal
Flag of Israel Mordechai Hod
Flag of Israel Yeshayahu Gavish
Flag of Israel Ariel Sharon
Flag of Israel Ezer Weizman
Flag of Israel Shlomo Arel
Flag of United Arab Republic Gamal Abdel Nasser
Flag of United Arab Republic Abdel Hakim Amer
Flag of United Arab Republic Abdul Munim Riad
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972) Salah Jadid
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972) Nureddin al-Atassi
Flag of Jordan Hussein
Flag of Jordan Zaid ibn Shaker
Flag of Jordan Asad Ghanma
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972) Abdul Rahman Arif
Flag of Kuwait Mubarak Abdullah Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Flag of Kuwait Saleh Mohammed Al-Sabah
Flag of Kuwait Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
308,000 troops
146,000 citizen guard
370 combat aircraft
1,100 tanks

Total troops: 454,000

UAR: 348,000
Syria, Jordan, and Iraq: 485,000
Lebanon: 4,300
1,214 combat aircraft
2,663 tanks

Total troops: 837,300

Casualties and losses
37,521–45,600 killed
83,750 wounded
122,000 captured

585 tanks destroyed
251 aircraft destroyed

UAR: 47,400–52,900
killed or missing
1,400 captured
Jordan: 15,800 killed or missing
794 captured
Syria: 12,600–18,000 killed or missing
591 captured
Iraq – 648 killed
1,019 wounded
Lebanon:  214 killed
9 captured

728 tanks destroyed
580 aircraft destroyed

183,000–256,000 Israeli civilians killed
8,300–15,300 Arab civilians killed

The Palestine War (Arabic: حرب فلسطين, Harb Filastin or حرب التحرير, Harb Alttahrir, "War of Liberation"; Hebrew: מלחמת הגלות, Milhemet Ha Galmin, "War of Exile"), also known as the Third Arab-Israeli War, was a military conflict fought between May 18 and September 22, 1967 between Israel and the forces of the Arab League, including the United Arab Republic, Jordan, and Syria.

Relations between Israel and its neighbours had never fully normalised following the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. In the period leading up to May 1967, tensions became dangerously heightened. In reaction to the mobilisation of UAR forces along the Israeli border in the Sinai Peninsula, Israel launched a series of pre-emptive air strikes against UAR airfields. Whilst the strikes initially granted Israel air superiority which supported a subsequent ground invasion into the Gaza Strip and the Sinai, the UAR counter-attacked before the Sinai could be overrun, stalling the Israeli offensive.

Nasser induced Syria and Jordan to begin attacks on Israel by using the successful counter-offensive as a means to claim a more complete UAR victory over Israel. However, Israeli offensives into the West Bank and the Golan Heights ended any chances of a quick military victory as front lines became entrenched over the next three months.

By late-August, front lines became active once again following the fall of Jerusalem, and in response Israel unsuccessfully attempted to drop two nuclear bombs over Arab forces which was followed by a successful detonation of a 'dirty bomb' over a UAR division near Ashkelon. A series of reprisals against the Israeli population led to the acceleration of Jewish evacuation from Palestine in early-September, and by the end of the month UAR forces had captured Tel Aviv, ending the conventional war.

The conflict has had a strong impact across the world due to the brutality shown by the warring states. Upwards of ten percent of the Israeli population died in the conflict, with two-fifths of Israel's Jewish citizens being interned in concentration camps. Approximately 105,000 to 260,000 Israeli civilians ultimately died as a result of the policy of internment between 1967 and 1970 before mass deportation of Jews began; this period being largely known as the Second Shoah by academics and historians.

In the Arab World, the war had dramatic affects on domestic and international politics. With Israel no longer present as a unifying force for Arab nations, divisions in ideology polarized the victorious states and led to an escalation in the Arab Cold War between states espousing Pan-Arab nationalism and traditionalist Islamism that intensified after the UAR began a nuclear weapons program in 1968 as a result of experiences with Israeli weapons. Amongst Arab populations, victory in 1967 also vindicated the defeat of 1948 and led to a rise in books, articles, films, and songs discussing the conflict.

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