The Pacific War was an enormously destructive conflict waged between the American-led Allied Powers and the Japanese-led Asian Powers between 1924 and 1929. The war resulted in the deaths of an estimated 65 million people and left nearly 200 million wounded or destitute, and required significant rebuilding for all the parties involved. The war was also significant for its new use of vicious and deadly technology, including poison gas, targeting of civilians and aerial warfare. The Pacific War was largely contained to the North Pacific, but battles and skirmishes erupted in the south Pacific.
Background and causes
The cause of the Pacific War started when an Japanese submarine torpedoed the USS Rockefeller off the coast of the Fiji Islands after a tense two-hour stand off. The news of the attack reached Washington and due to the rising tensions over the past four years, President Charles E. Hughes asked Congress to declare war on Japan. Another incident involving the Japanese was when Japanese cruisers took out Oceanic and American guboats in the Indonesian Archipelgo. Hughes issued a full mobilization of the Pacific Fleet shortly thereafter.
The Allied Powers, led by the United States, unified a diverse group of nations situated around the Pacific Rim and in India. Aside from the USA, members included Siberia, Alaska, Oceania, Colombia, and various other Central and South American nations.
The Asian Powers, led by Japan, consisted of various nearby nations, many of which had historically been bitter rivals. As well as China and Korea; Japan was quick to secure alliances with the Indian states which had not aligned themselves with the USA.
See also: Northern Front
The Northern Front of the War covers all actions in the Allied nations of Siberia and Alaska, which suffered major invasion attempts by the Japanese and Chinese militaries. In the early stages of the war, Siberia took the most from Japanese and Chinese armies, due to the two nations bordering Siberia by the south.
See also: American Front
The American front covers all actions in South America, and most actions in North America (excluding Alaska). Early in the war, many of the Allied Powers in the Americas were attacked by the Japanese Navy. During the mid-stages of the American Front, the United States of America was invaded by the Japanese Army, but after weeks of bloody warfare, the Japanese were sent into retreat from the mainland.
See also: Asian Front
While Siberia was fighting in Asia throughout the war, most of the Allied Powers did not reach the Japanese, Chinese, Indochinese and Korean coasts until later on. This was one of the bloodiest Fronts of the War.
See also: Southern Front
This front began when the nation of Oceania (covering Australia, New Zealand and several Malay islands) was invaded by Japan, as one of the first actions of the war.
See also: Oceanic Front
The Oceanic Fronts covers all actions in the Pacific Ocean itself, as well as the Micronesian, Melanesian and Polynesian islands scattered across the Ocean. Probably the most notable battle in this Front was the Battle for Hawaii, which was later adapted into the legendary 1962 film Oahu.
The Pacific War left 200 million dead and wounded; many people were left homeless by the air attacks from both the Allies and Asian Powers. Many Asian generals were tried in the New Delhi Trials for the use of gas weapons against allied troops and the same with Allied generals, but the Allied generals were not tried due to the fact that it was response to Asian aggression. The Pacific War left the Asian Powers in an state of economic and military collaspe, and gave the Allies an sense of pride and economic greatness.