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Ottoman Empire (Twilight of a New Era)

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Sublime Ottoman State
دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه
Devlet-i ʿAliyye-i ʿOsmâniyye
Yüce Osmanlı Devleti
Timeline: Twilight of a New Era

OTL equivalent: Ottoman Empire
Flag of the Ottoman Empire Osmanli-nisani
Flag Coat of Arms
794px-Territorial changes of the Ottoman Empire 1913b
Ottoman Empire (1913)

Motto
دولت ابد مدت
Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (Turkish)
("The Eternal State")

Anthem "Ottoman imperial anthem"
Capital
(and largest city)
Istanbul (Kostantiniyye)
Other cities Izmir
Language
  official
 
Turkish, Persian and Arabic
  others Greek and Armenian
Religion
  main
 
Sunni Islam
  others Shia Islam, Greek Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Judaism
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Turks and Arabs
  others Byzantine Greeks, Armenians, Kurds, Jews and Assyrians
Demonym Ottoman
Government Absolute Monarchy (1878-1908, 1915-1920) - Constitutional Monarchy (1908-1915)
Sultan
  Dynasty: Ottoman (Osmanli)
Gran Vizier
Area 1,800,000 km²
Population 20,975,345 (1914) / 14,629,000 (1919) 
Established 1299-1922
Annexation to Turkey (1922)
Currency Akche, Kurush, Lira and Sultani

The Sublime Ottoman State (Ottoman Turkish, Persian: دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i ʿAliyye-yi ʿOsmâniyye,[5] Modern Turkish: Yüce Osmanlı Devleti or Osmanlı İmparatorluğu) was an empire that lasted from 1299 to 1922.

Defeat: The Treaty Lucerne

In World War I, the Ottoman Empire was allied with the German Empire and Serbia. As a defeated party signed it the Treaty of Lucerne (1920) which partitioned the territories of the Balkans and Anatolia between France, UK, Italy and Greece. The new territories in Anatolia were the following:

The rest of the territories that declared themselves independent during the Arab Rebellion united to form the Confederation of Arab States, and the French Mandate of Levant and British Mandate of Palestine.

The Civil War (1920-1922) and Republic

OttomanEmpireIn1683

Historical map of the Ottoman Empire

The Civil War (1920-1922) started on a rebellion of the Army and reformist and republican political groups that demanded the nullification of the Treaty and reestablishment of united Turkish state in Anatolia. It ended with the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, a new peace treaty with UK, France and Greece and abolition of the Caliphate.

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