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Alternate History

Otto I of Austria (Central Victory)

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Otto I
Otto of Germany.jpg
Emperor Otto in 2004
Reign 1 March 1939 – 13 March 1941
Predecessor Charles I
Successor Empire abolished
Felix as Archduke of Austria
Spouse Regina of Saxe-Meiningen
Issue
Archduchess Andrea of Austria
Archduchess Monika of Austria
Archduchess Michaela of Austria
Archduchess Gabriela of Austria
Archduchess Walburga of Austria
Karl, Crown Prince of Austria
Archduke Georg of Austria
House House of Habsburg
Father Charles I of Austria
Mother Zita of Bourbon-Parma
Born 20 November 1912(1912-11-20)
Reichenau an der Rax, Austria-Hungary Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918)
Died 16 July 2011(2011-07-16) (aged 98)
Pöcking, Bavaria, Germany Flag of Germany
Religion Catholic


Otto I of Austria (Franz Joseph Otto Robert Maria Anton Karl Max Heinrich Sixtus Xavier Felix Renatus Ludwig Gaetan Pius Ignatius; 20 November 1912 – 4 July 2011) was, among other titles, the last ruler of the United States of Greater Austria, a realm which comprised modern-day Hungary, Czechoslovakia and parts of Germany, Yugoslavia, Italy, Poland, Romania, and Ukraine. In the beginning of the Anschluss, fearing he would be arrested by the Germans, fled Austria to neighboring Switzerland but did not abdicate. After World War II he emigrated to the United States, with a visa issued by Aristides de Sousa Mendes.

Otto I was Vice President (1957–1973) and President (1973–2004) of the International Paneuropean Union, and served as a Member of the European Parliament 1979–1999. As a newly elected Member of the European Parliament in 1979, Otto had an empty chair set up for the countries on the other side of the Iron Curtain in the European Parliament, and took a strong interest in the countries behind the Iron Curtain during his tenure. Emperor Otto played a central role in the revolutions of 1989, as a co-initiator of the Pan-European Picnic. Later he would be a strong supporter of the EU membership of central and eastern European countries. A noted intellectual, he published several books on historical and political affairs. Otto has been described as one of the "architects of the European idea and of European integration" together with Robert Schuman, Konrad Adenauer, and Alcide De Gasperi.

During his life in exile, he lived in Switzerland, Spain, Belgium, France, the United States, and from 1994 until his death, finally in Bavaria, in the residence Villa Austria. At the time of his death, he was a citizen of Germany, Hungary and Yugoslavia, having earlier been stateless de jure and de facto and possessed passports of Monaco, the Order of Malta, and Spain

His funeral took place at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna on July 16, 2011; he was subsequently entombed in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna and his heart buried in Pannonhalma Archabbey in Hungary.


Titles

Monarchical styles of
Emperor Otto I of Austria
Imperial Coat of Arms of the Empire of Austria
Reference style His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty
Spoken style Your Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty
Alternative style My Lord
  • His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke and Imperial Prince Otto of Austria, Royal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia (1912–1916)
  • His Imperial and Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia (1916–1939)
  • His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty The Emperor of Austria (1939–1941)
  • (1941–1965 Otto did not have citizenship in any country, but he had a passport of Monaco from 1946 as His Imperial and Apostolic Majesty Otto von Habsburg, plus a passport of the Order of Malta and a diplomatic passport of Spain under the same name)
  • His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty Emperor Otto of Austria (1941–2011)
Otto I of Austria
Born: 20 November 1912 Died: 4 July 2011
Regnal titles
Preceded by:
Charles I
Emperor of Austria
1939–1941
Empire abolished
Felix as Archduke of Austria


King of Hungary
1939–1941
Succeeded by:
József III
King of Bohemia
1939–1941
Succeeded by:
Edvard Beneš
as President of Czechoslovakia
King of Galicia
1939–1941
Succeeded by:
Konrad II
as King of Poland
King of Croatia
1939–1941
Succeeded by:
Tomislav II
King of Montenegro
1939–1941
Succeeded by:
Michael I
King of Bosnia and Herzegovina
1939–1941
Succeeded by:
Tomislav II
as King of Croatia
Duke of Slovakia
1939–1941
Succeeded by:
Edvard Beneš
as President of Czechoslovakia
Grand Prince of Transylvania
1939–1941
Succeeded by:
Carol II
as King of Romania
Titles in pretence
Titles extant before
Partition of Greater Austria


— TITULAR —
Emperor of Austria
(1941–2011)
Succeeded by:
Karl, Crown Prince of Austria

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