The Republic of Ossetia, more commonly known as Ossetia, is a republic of the Soviet Union located within the Caucasus. Prior to becoming a republic in September of 1992, Ossetia was divided between the North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic an autonomous republic of Russia and the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast an autonomous oblast of Georgia.
Following the reformation of the Soviet Union and the independence of Georgia, the people of South Ossetia (much like in Abkhazia) voiced their desire to remain apart of the USSR. After a brief civil war, Georgia turned their attention toward re-establishing control over the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. This act resulted in Soviet retaliation beginning the War in Abkhazia. In less than a month, Georgian troops were called out of the breakaway regions and a peace treaty was in the process of being signed.
After South Ossetia signed the New Union Treaty, there were cries among the Ossetian population to unify the two into one republic. After a referendum about 99.7% of the population voted in favor of uniting the two republics.