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Organization of Nations (Central World)

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Organization of Nations
United Nations Flag.PNG Emblem of the United Nations.png
HeadquartersInternational territory in Manhattan, New York City
Official languages Arabic
Japanese
English
French
German
Spanish
Leaders
 -  Secretary-General
Establishment 1945

Organization of Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, and the achieving of world peace. The ON was founded in 1945 after Second World War to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.

History

Following in the wake of the failed League of Nations (1919–1946) the Organization of Nations was established in 1945 to maintain international peace and promote cooperation in solving international economic, social and humanitarian problems.

Organizations

The United Nations Building

Organization of Nations Building in New York City

The Organization of Nations' system is based on five principal organs; the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Secretariat, and the International Court of Justice.

Four of the five principal organs are located at the main Otrganization of Nations headquarters located on international territory in New York City. The International Court of Justice is located in The Hague, while other major agencies are based in the ON offices at Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi. Other ON institutions are located throughout the world.

General Assembly

The General Assembly is the main deliberative assembly of the Organization of Nations. Composed of all ON member states, the assembly meets in regular yearly sessions under a president elected from among the member states. Over a two-week period at the start of each session, all members have the opportunity to address the assembly. Traditionally, the Secretary-General makes the first statement, followed by the president of the assembly.

When the General Assembly votes on important questions, a two-thirds majority of those present and voting is required. Examples of important questions include: recommendations on peace and security; election of members to organs; admission, suspension, and expulsion of members; and, budgetary matters. All other questions are decided by majority vote. Each member country has one vote. Apart from approval of budgetary matters, resolutions are not binding on the members. The Assembly may make recommendations on any matters within the scope of the ON, except matters of peace and security that are under Security Council consideration

Security Council

Secretariat

Secretary-General

International Court of Justice

Membership

Member state Date of admission See also
Albania 1 Albania
Flag of Argentina Argentina
Flag of Austria Austria
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia
Flag of Brazil Brazil
30px Canada
Flag of Colombia Colombia
Flag of Costa Rica (state) Costa Rica
Flag of Chile Chile
Flag of the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador
800px-Flag of Estonia Estonia
Flag of Finland 1918 (state) Finland
Flag of France France
Flag of Germany Germany
Royal Standard of the Netherlands Guiana
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala
Flag of Haiti Haiti
Flag of Ireland Irish Free Republic
Italia.flag Italy
First proposed flag of Jamaica Jamaica
Flag of Japan Japan
Flag of Latvia Latvia
Flag of Lithuania 1918-1940 Lithuania
Flag of Mexico Mexico
Flag of Norway Norway
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay
Flag of Peru Peru
Flag of RomaniaRomania
Flag of Spain Spain
Flag of the Ottoman Empire Turkey
Flag of UkraineUkrainian State
Copy of United States of America Central United States
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela
Flag of the Empire of Vietnam (1945) Vietnam
Flag of the West Indies Federation West Indies Federation

See also

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