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Organization of African Unity (Axis vs Allies: Resurrection Map Game)

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Organization of African Unity
Organisation de l'Unité Africaine (French)
Organização de Unidade Africano (Portuguese)
Timeline: Axis vs Allies Resurrection (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: South Africa, Namibia, Cameroon, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Zimbabwe, Angola, Gabon, Lesotho, Swaziland, Mauritius, and Seychelles
Flag of the African Union.svg
Motto: 
A United and Strong Africa
Anthem: 
Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together
Location of the OAU (AvA Resurrection).png
Location of the OAU (in black)
CapitalPretoria
Largest city Johannesburg
Official languages English
French
Portuguese
Ethnic groups  Several hundreds
Demonym African
Government Political-economic union
 -  Chairperson Oliver Tambo
 -  Deputy Chairperson Nelson Mandela
Legislature Pan-African Parliament
History
 -  OAU Charter 17 August 1953 
Area
 -  Total 4,807,115 km2 
1,856,037 sq mi 
Population
 -  1962 census 110,895,675 
 -  Density 23.06/km2 
59.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 1962 estimate
 -  Total $729.028 billion 
 -  Per capita $6,574 
Currency Afro (AFR) (₳)
The Organization of African Unity (OAU) (French: Organisation de l'Unité Africaine; Portuguese: Organização de Unidade Africano), is a major politico-economic union of several African countries into a series of republics. The OAU serves as a form of unified trade union, military alliance, and common market for the nations within the OAU, all of whom are represented as a single entity overseas. The organization's member states collectively span a total area of 4,807,115 sq km (1,856,037 sq mi), and have a combined population of 110,895,675 inhabitants as of 1962. The Organization of African Unity is currently the largest and most powerful state in Africa, and possesses the largest economy in the continent.

History

Formation

In 17 August 1953, the Organization of African Unity was established by the nations of South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Mauritius, Seychelles, Lesotho, and Swaziland, under the leadership of Albert Lutuli, the President of South Africa and Secretary-General of the African National Congress. The purpose of the OAU was to serve as a combined political, economic, and military union, which protected all members of the organization equally and without bias. Additionally, it was to serve as a way in which fellow African nations could join within issue, and benefit from the healthy and cooperative environment within the OAU. In 1954, the nations of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda-Urundi, Zambia, Malawi, and Botswana joined the organization when the Dominion of Britannia released them into the care of the OAU as the legitimate representative of the African states gaining independence in the wake of decolonization. So as to help with the governance of the organization on a macro-level, the OAU was divided into six, large republics, in which member states were parceled out into each so as to make it easier for the central government to care for all when distributing resources and defensive equipment.

During the latter half of 1954, the Central African Republic of the OAU declared independence from the organization. Many within the central government and general population speculated that the action had to do with the attempts of the OAU to minimize the dangers of tribalism. Naturally, that caused a whiplash as those in control of the local government held highly sectarian beliefs which caused them to split from the OAU in an attempt to prevent their loss of power under the OAU's "marginalize/maximize" programs, where politicians and chieftains who promoted tribalism were marginalized in the political arenas of the OAU, and those promoting unity and reconciliation were rewarded for their actions and given important government positions by the OAU. Over the years, the desire to federate into a larger, more unified political entity has been the driving force of OAU politics, and following the Pan-African Congress of 1957, the governments of the OAU member-states agreed to federate into a single political entity known as the African Union by 1965.

Politics

Governance

The Organization of African Unity is a politico-economic union which is governed by a central authority elected by member of the Pan-African Parliament in Pretoria. The leader of the OAU is known as the Chairperson of the OAU, with the current holder of that office being Oliver Tambo. The chairperson is elected to a period of two five year terms, and governs the entire OAU as the representative of the African nations within the organization. Several institutions also exist to assist the OAU in developing its territories, such as a the African Monetary Union which provides loans to member states within the organization, the African Court of Justice, which serves as the highest judicial body within the OAU, and the Peace and Security Council, which helps to mediate disputes between members of the OAU.

Administrative divisions

The OAU is divided into large republics, each of which represents several member states within its region. Each possesses a limited form of self-governance, allowing the local governments to react to issues specific to them, while still allowing the central government to run the nation as a cohesive unit that is not plagued with crippling decentralization laws. Each republic is governed by an elected president, who is given wide berth to govern his states within the OAU, but legally bound to remain within the organization as a regional governor.

Current members

Status Nation Political (1962) Military Constitute states
Republic South Africa Capital: Pretoria
Population: 35,824,440
President: Albert Luluti
Military Region I
  • 827,463 personnel (1,295,022 reservists)
  • 0 aircraft
  • 0 tanks
  • 0 warships
5 member states
  • South Africa
  • Namibia
  • Lesotho
  • Swaziland
  • Botswana
Republic Rhodesia Capital: Harare
Population: 15,635,331
President: Sir Garfield Todd
Military Region III
  • 318,527 personnel (578,393 reservists)
  • 0 aircraft
  • 0 tanks
3 member states
  • Zimbabwe
  • Zambia
  • Malawi
Republic Angola Capital: Luanda
Population: 9,798,611
President: n/a
Military Region IV
  • 195,262 personnel (106,245 reservists)
  • 0 aircraft
  • 0 tanks
  • 0 warships
2 member states
  • Southern Angola
  • Northern Angola
Republic East Africa Capital: Nairobi
Population: 48,433,344
President: Jomo Kenyatta
Military Region V
  • 223,114 personnel (1,562,897 reservists)
  • 0 aircraft
  • 0 tanks
  • 0 warships
4 member states
  • Kenya
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • Ruanda-Urundi
Republic Indian Ocean Capital: Port Louis
Population: 1,203,949
President: Sir Robert Scott
Military Region VI
  • 12,367 personnel (6,727 reservists)
  • 0 aircraft
  • 0 tanks
  • 0 warships
2 member states
  • Mauritius
  • Seychelles

Suspended members

Status Nation Political (1954) Military Constitute states
Republic
(Suspended)
Central Africa Capital: Yaoundé
Population: 10,381,558
President: None
Military Region II (Last count)
  • 98,947 personnel (0 reservists)
  • 0 aircraft
  • 0 tanks
  • 0 warships
2 member states
  • Equatoria
  • Cameroon

Military

Union Army Defense Force

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
Pistols
Vektor Mamba M33 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Semi-automatic pistol 9mm Vektor Mamba M33 Standard-issue sidearm
Combat rifles
Vektor R-1 Jagter Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Assault rifle 7.5×38mm Vektor R-1 Jagter Standard-issue firearm
Rieder Automatic Rifle Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Automatic rifle 7.7×56mm Rieder Automatic Rifle
Mortars
M-4 Commando Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Mortar 60mm M-4 Commando Primary man-portable artillery of the Union Army Defense Force
Anti-tank
Name Origin Type Number Photo Notes
Armor
Luislang Mk.I Flag of the African Union OAU Main battle tank 1,870 Luislang Mk.I Newest tank design of the Union Army Defense Force
Verwoester Md.II/III Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Medium tank 185 Verwoester Md.II Superior armor and fuel efficiency; discontinued in light of planned future tank designs
Verwoester Md.I Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Medium tank 570 Verwoester Md.I Primary armored vehicle in use in both the South African Defense Forces and the Union Defense Forces; discontinued
Varke Md.I Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Heavy tank 100 Varke Md.I Heaviest tank in the South African Army; discontinued
Artillery and air-defense

Union Air Defense Force

Aircraft Photo Origin Role Number
Fixed-wing aircraft
Atlas Tier Atlas Tier Flag of the African Union OAU Air superiority fighter 274
Atlas Arend Atlas Arend Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Air superiority fighter 134
Atlas Soeker Atlas Soeker Flag of the African Union OAU Interceptor 68
Atlas Perdebye Atlas Perdebye Flag of the African Union OAU Jet bomber 56
Atlas Walvis Atlas Walvis Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Bomber 50
Atlas Kuikendief Atlas Kuikendief Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Transport plane 32
Atlas Slang Atlas Slang Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South Africa Seaplane 20

Union Naval Defense Force

Class Picture Type Boats Commissioned Displacement Note
Aircraft carriers (7 in service)
Jan Smuts-class SAS Jan Smuts Fleet carrier SAS Jan Smuts
SAS John Dube
SAS Enoch Sontonga
SAS Andries Pretorius
1956
1956
1957
1957
36,800 tonnes
Rhodes-class SAS Rhodes Fleet carrier SAS Rhodes
SAS Riebeeck
SAS Paul Kruger
1944
1944
1948
65,800 tonnes All to be decommissioned by 1965
Cruisers (9 in service)
Destroyers (29 in service)
Frigates (22 in service)
Minesweepers (12 in service)
Patrol vessels (23 in service)
Landing ships (8 in service)
Submarines (21 in service)

Economy

Agriculture

The OAU is self-sufficient in terms of agricultural production, with several tens of thousands of metric tons of food produced within all of the OAU member-states. Currently, Rhodesia leads in terms of overall production, producing 60% of all food grown within the organization. Heavily industrialization of the agricultural sector of the member-states had been the primary focus of the OAU central planning committees, encouraging white farmers to take on black farmers in the industry, and help the organization's constitute republic increase agricultural output during the 1940s. More than 50% of the population is involved in the agricultural sector of the economy, producing enough food for export and to sustain the local population.

South Africa, Angola, and the Indian Ocean Republic have developed extensive fishing fleets to take advantage of the vast oceans they have access too. More than 28,000 tons of fish have been acquired by the combined fleets of South Africa and Angola as of 1955, with more than 40% marked for foreign consumption. Extensive grazing lands within the OAU has gifted republics such as South Africa, Rhodesia, and East Africa, with vast cattle herds which have since provided a considerable supply of fresh meat for local consumption. There are several million heads of cattle within the borders of the OAU, though only a fraction have been marked for slaughter in the extensive meat-houses of the South African and Rhodesian republics.

Energy

All of the republics of the OAU have been considered potential energy superpowers, with vast supplies of oil, natural gas, and hydroelectric sources scattered throughout the region. Angola itself produces the largest supply of oil within the OAU, and accounts for more than 50% of all oil extracted by the OAU. South Africa produced the largest amount of coal in Africa, and combined with its extensive coal liquefaction plants, has allowed the OAU to become the greatest oil exporter in Africa. Several hydroelectric dams have been constructed throughout the OAU, with major facilities located in Rhodesia, and several planned for construction in East Africa. The OAU also has the potential to become a major nuclear energy producer, as it produces more than third of the world's accessible uranium, more more than ten percent coming from Namibia alone.

Transport

The majority of the OAU member-states' railway networks are privately owned, but many stretches of track are under government control, while the rest can be nationalized during wartime by the government of the OAU as part of its obligations under the OAU charter. There are more then 150,650 km of paved roads in the OAU, and more than 27,500 km of railroad track in the organization's member-states. Most of the railways in the OAU are of broad gauge design (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in), though in many regions of the OAU where industrialization has yet to take hold such as in many parts of East Africa, are narrow gauge tracks (3 ft 6 in), which allows for light industrial equipment to be moved into the area but with a lower maintenance cost for the transporting companies. The longest railroad in the OAU, the Cape Town-Mombasa Railway, serves as the primary linked between the two major port cities, allowing vital trade goods to be moved across the organization's territory.

There are several major port cities in the OAU, such as Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Namibe, Luanda, Dar es Salaam, Mombasa, and Walvis Bay, all giving the OAU access to both the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The combined numbers of all the OAU members-states' merchant marines totals some 950 ships. There are several major navigable rivers in the OAU, such as the Orange, Limpopo, and Zambezi Rivers, which allow for ocean-bound access into the interior of the OAU member-states. There are 7 major airports in the five republics of the OAU, with one in the capital of each republic, and two additional airports in the cities of Cape Town and Dar es Salaam. The busiest of the seven is that located in Johannesburg. Currently, one in fifty Africans in the OAU owns an automobile, though as Inqola, the sole car manufacturer in the OAU, expands its factory complexes, that gap is expected to decrease over the coming years.

Science and technology

Demographics

Health

Throughout the history of the preceeding Union of South African Nations, the health of the African population had been made the number one priority of the collective governments of the member nations. Throughout the Smuts and Lutuli administrations between 1933 and 1960, the South African-led medical investment and expansion program was initiated to provide healthcare services to all members of the UASN, and later, the OAU, with the aim of providing prenatal care to expecting mothers, sexual education to young couples and tribal leaders practicing polygamy, and medical supplies to small villages where there was no modern infrastructure needed to care for the old, the weak, and the young. The resulting effect was the growth in the life expectancy of the average African native, as well as a boom in the local population, as more men and women were living longer, and expecting mothers and newborn infants were surviving the birth process. An annual 6-7% population increase between the mid-1940s and the late-1950s saw the population of the USAN and OAU expand immensely. Healthcare is free to all citizens of the OAU, with multiple hospitals located through South Africa, Rhodesia, and Angola, with many more under construction in East Africa to bring the standard of medical care in that member nation up to OAU levels.

Education

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