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|Organization of African UnityTimeline: Axis vs Allies Resurrection (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: South Africa, Namibia, Cameroon, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Zimbabwe, Angola, Gabon, Lesotho, Swaziland, Mauritius, and Seychelles
A United and Strong Africa
Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together
Location of the OAU (in black)
|Ethnic groups||Several hundreds|
|-||Deputy Chairperson||Nelson Mandela|
|-||OAU Charter||17 August 1953|
|-||Total|| 4,807,115 km2
1,856,037 sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||1962 estimate|
|Currency||Afro (AFR) (₳)|
In 17 August 1953, the Organization of African Unity was established by the nations of South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Mauritius, Seychelles, Lesotho, and Swaziland, under the leadership of Albert Lutuli, the President of South Africa and Secretary-General of the African National Congress. The purpose of the OAU was to serve as a combined political, economic, and military union, which protected all members of the organization equally and without bias. Additionally, it was to serve as a way in which fellow African nations could join within issue, and benefit from the healthy and cooperative environment within the OAU. In 1954, the nations of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda-Urundi, Zambia, Malawi, and Botswana joined the organization when the Dominion of Britannia released them into the care of the OAU as the legitimate representative of the African states gaining independence in the wake of decolonization. So as to help with the governance of the organization on a macro-level, the OAU was divided into six, large republics, in which member states were parceled out into each so as to make it easier for the central government to care for all when distributing resources and defensive equipment.
During the latter half of 1954, the Central African Republic of the OAU declared independence from the organization. Many within the central government and general population speculated that the action had to do with the attempts of the OAU to minimize the dangers of tribalism. Naturally, that caused a whiplash as those in control of the local government held highly sectarian beliefs which caused them to split from the OAU in an attempt to prevent their loss of power under the OAU's "marginalize/maximize" programs, where politicians and chieftains who promoted tribalism were marginalized in the political arenas of the OAU, and those promoting unity and reconciliation were rewarded for their actions and given important government positions by the OAU. Over the years, the desire to federate into a larger, more unified political entity has been the driving force of OAU politics, and following the Pan-African Congress of 1957, the governments of the OAU member-states agreed to federate into a single political entity known as the African Union by 1965.
The Organization of African Unity is a politico-economic union which is governed by a central authority elected by member of the Pan-African Parliament in Pretoria. The leader of the OAU is known as the Chairperson of the OAU, with the current holder of that office being Oliver Tambo. The chairperson is elected to a period of two five year terms, and governs the entire OAU as the representative of the African nations within the organization. Several institutions also exist to assist the OAU in developing its territories, such as a the African Monetary Union which provides loans to member states within the organization, the African Court of Justice, which serves as the highest judicial body within the OAU, and the Peace and Security Council, which helps to mediate disputes between members of the OAU.
The OAU is divided into large republics, each of which represents several member states within its region. Each possesses a limited form of self-governance, allowing the local governments to react to issues specific to them, while still allowing the central government to run the nation as a cohesive unit that is not plagued with crippling decentralization laws. Each republic is governed by an elected president, who is given wide berth to govern his states within the OAU, but legally bound to remain within the organization as a regional governor.
|Status||Nation||Political (1962)||Military||Constitute states|
|Republic||South Africa||Capital: Pretoria|
President: Albert Luluti
|Military Region I||5 member states|
President: Sir Garfield Todd
|Military Region III||3 member states|
|Military Region IV||2 member states|
|Republic||East Africa||Capital: Nairobi|
President: Jomo Kenyatta
|Military Region V||4 member states|
|Republic||Indian Ocean||Capital: Port Louis|
President: Sir Robert Scott
|Military Region VI||2 member states|
|Status||Nation||Political (1954)||Military||Constitute states|
|Central Africa||Capital: Yaoundé|
|Military Region II (Last count)||2 member states|
Union Army Defense Force
Union Air Defense Force
The OAU is self-sufficient in terms of agricultural production, with several tens of thousands of metric tons of food produced within all of the OAU member-states. Currently, Rhodesia leads in terms of overall production, producing 60% of all food grown within the organization. Heavily industrialization of the agricultural sector of the member-states had been the primary focus of the OAU central planning committees, encouraging white farmers to take on black farmers in the industry, and help the organization's constitute republic increase agricultural output during the 1940s. More than 50% of the population is involved in the agricultural sector of the economy, producing enough food for export and to sustain the local population.
South Africa, Angola, and the Indian Ocean Republic have developed extensive fishing fleets to take advantage of the vast oceans they have access too. More than 28,000 tons of fish have been acquired by the combined fleets of South Africa and Angola as of 1955, with more than 40% marked for foreign consumption. Extensive grazing lands within the OAU has gifted republics such as South Africa, Rhodesia, and East Africa, with vast cattle herds which have since provided a considerable supply of fresh meat for local consumption. There are several million heads of cattle within the borders of the OAU, though only a fraction have been marked for slaughter in the extensive meat-houses of the South African and Rhodesian republics.
All of the republics of the OAU have been considered potential energy superpowers, with vast supplies of oil, natural gas, and hydroelectric sources scattered throughout the region. Angola itself produces the largest supply of oil within the OAU, and accounts for more than 50% of all oil extracted by the OAU. South Africa produced the largest amount of coal in Africa, and combined with its extensive coal liquefaction plants, has allowed the OAU to become the greatest oil exporter in Africa. Several hydroelectric dams have been constructed throughout the OAU, with major facilities located in Rhodesia, and several planned for construction in East Africa. The OAU also has the potential to become a major nuclear energy producer, as it produces more than third of the world's accessible uranium, more more than ten percent coming from Namibia alone.
The majority of the OAU member-states' railway networks are privately owned, but many stretches of track are under government control, while the rest can be nationalized during wartime by the government of the OAU as part of its obligations under the OAU charter. There are more then 150,650 km of paved roads in the OAU, and more than 27,500 km of railroad track in the organization's member-states. Most of the railways in the OAU are of broad gauge design (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in), though in many regions of the OAU where industrialization has yet to take hold such as in many parts of East Africa, are narrow gauge tracks (3 ft 6 in), which allows for light industrial equipment to be moved into the area but with a lower maintenance cost for the transporting companies. The longest railroad in the OAU, the Cape Town-Mombasa Railway, serves as the primary linked between the two major port cities, allowing vital trade goods to be moved across the organization's territory.
There are several major port cities in the OAU, such as Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Namibe, Luanda, Dar es Salaam, Mombasa, and Walvis Bay, all giving the OAU access to both the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The combined numbers of all the OAU members-states' merchant marines totals some 950 ships. There are several major navigable rivers in the OAU, such as the Orange, Limpopo, and Zambezi Rivers, which allow for ocean-bound access into the interior of the OAU member-states. There are 7 major airports in the five republics of the OAU, with one in the capital of each republic, and two additional airports in the cities of Cape Town and Dar es Salaam. The busiest of the seven is that located in Johannesburg. Currently, one in fifty Africans in the OAU owns an automobile, though as Inqola, the sole car manufacturer in the OAU, expands its factory complexes, that gap is expected to decrease over the coming years.
Science and technology
Throughout the history of the preceeding Union of South African Nations, the health of the African population had been made the number one priority of the collective governments of the member nations. Throughout the Smuts and Lutuli administrations between 1933 and 1960, the South African-led medical investment and expansion program was initiated to provide healthcare services to all members of the UASN, and later, the OAU, with the aim of providing prenatal care to expecting mothers, sexual education to young couples and tribal leaders practicing polygamy, and medical supplies to small villages where there was no modern infrastructure needed to care for the old, the weak, and the young. The resulting effect was the growth in the life expectancy of the average African native, as well as a boom in the local population, as more men and women were living longer, and expecting mothers and newborn infants were surviving the birth process. An annual 6-7% population increase between the mid-1940s and the late-1950s saw the population of the USAN and OAU expand immensely. Healthcare is free to all citizens of the OAU, with multiple hospitals located through South Africa, Rhodesia, and Angola, with many more under construction in East Africa to bring the standard of medical care in that member nation up to OAU levels.