16 November Plot
16 November bomb 1 corrected

The Wolf's Lair entrance at the moment of the explosion
  • 16 November 1943 (bombing)
  • 1943–1945 (arrests/executions of Nazi government supporters)
Result Military putsch against the Nazi government. Military-led resistance victory.
German Resistance Flag Proposal 1944
Military-led German resistance
Nazi Germany Nazi government
Commanders and leaders
Casualties and losses
  • one suicide bombing
  • three killed
  • one suicide to avoid capture
  • 1.0 million-1.25 million arrests

On 16 November 1943, Adolf Hitler, Führer of the Third Reich, Heinrich Himmler, Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel, and Hermann Göring, Vizekanzler and Reichsminister of Economics and Aviation, were assassinated by suicide bombing inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia. The assassination was immediately followed by Operation Valkyrie which was the putsch that took place immediately after the assassination. The purpose of the assassination attempt was to seize political control of Germany and its armed forces from the Nazi Party (including the SS) in order to obtain peace with the western Allies as soon as possible. The underlying desire of many of the involved high ranking Wehrmacht officers was to save Germany from destruction by the Allies. The conspirators' peace initiatives initially included demands to accept wide-reaching territorial annexations by Germany in Europe, but were later scaled back through negotiation at the First and Second Lisbon Conferences.