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Operation Phoenix was a hastily organized French military operation in 1940 during the Third Global War that saw the vast majority of the still intact French Second, Fourth and Fifth Armies (Army Group Toulouse) and other units from the North, the Imperial Mediterranean Fleet, the government lead by Sorelist Prime Minister Philippe Pétain, and EmperorLouis II to escape to Algeria in the face of overwhelming NatsoBritish and German forces. This allowed over 450,000 well trained men (minus most of their heavy equipment) to escape, and build a force that would be used in the campaigns in Italy in 1943, and ultimately in the liberation of France (1944) and the Defeat of Germany and Britain in 1945-46.