Sultanate of Oman
سلطنة عُمان
Salṭanat ʻUmān
British Protectorate (1892–1942)
Icelandic Protectorate, Colony of the Shugarhai Union (1942–1969)
751-2015 Flag of Arabia (IM)
Flag of Oman National emblem of Oman
Flag Coat of Arms
"نشيد السلام السلطاني"
"as-Salām as-Sultānī"
"Sultanic Salutation"
Location of Oman (dark green) Will bring making a map soon.
and largest city
Official languages Arabic
Demonym Omani
Government Unitary parliamentary absolute monarchy
- 1406-1935 Makhzum bin al Fallah (First)
- 1970-2015 Qaboos bin Said al Said (Last)
Legislature Parliament
- Upper house Council of State (Majlis al-Dawla)
- Lower house Consultative Assembly (Majlis al-Shura)
- Total Will be writing soon
- 2015 estimate Will be writing soon
- Density Will be writing soon
- Imamate established 751
- Independence from the Shugarhai Union 18 November 1969
- Joined the Arabian Caliphate 10 December 2015
Currency Rial (OMR)
Time zone GST (UTC+4)
- Summer (DST) (UTC+4)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code OM
Internet TLD .om

Oman (Arabic: عمان‎‎ ʻumān), officially the Sultanate of Oman (Arabic: سلطنة عُمان‎‎ Salṭanat ʻUmān), was an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, which was bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest, and shares marine borders with Iran and Pakistan.

From the late 17th century, the Omani Sultanate was a powerful empire, vying with Portugal and Britain for influence in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. At its peak in the 19th century, Omani influence or control extended across the Strait of Hormuz to modern-day Iran and Pakistan, and as far south as Zanzibar (today part of Tanzania, also former capital). As its power declined in the 20th century, the sultanate came under the influence of the United Kingdom. Historically, Muscat was the principal trading port of the Persian Gulf region. Muscat was also among the most important trading ports of the Indian Ocean. Oman became a British protectorate until 1942, when ownership was later transferred to Shugarhai Union due to Denmark's occupation of the country in 1940. It became then a protectorate of Iceland, but will continue Oman's independence to most of parts of the country.

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