Comité International Olympique
International Olympic Committee
Olympic Rings

Flag of CIO/IOC

Motto Citius Altius Fortius
Anthem Olympic Anthem
Working languages used by CIO/IOC French, English and host country's official language when necessary
Headquarters Lausanne, Switzerland
Establishment 1894

The Olympic Games are a major international multi-sport event featuring summer and winter sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions. They are organized by the International Olympic Committee. Medals are awarded in each event, with gold medals for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition that started in 1904

The Olympic Movement

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) promotes Olympism, encourages participation in sports, ensures the Olympic Games take place on a regular schedule, protects the Olympic Movement, and encourages and supports the development of sport.

Besides the IOC, the Olympic movement is integrated by the National Olympic Committees (NOC) and the International Olympic Sports Federations (IFs).

Olympic Games

Olympic Games host cities
Modern Olympiad
(Summer Games)
Year Summer Games Modern Olympiad
Winter Games
Winter Games Notes
I 1896 Athens (Greec) -
II 1900 Paris (France) -
III 1904 St. Louis (United States) -
IV 1908 London (United Kingdom) -
V 1912 Stockholm (Sweden) -
VI 1916 Berlin (Germany) Cancelled because of World War I -
VI 1920 Cancelled because of World War I
VII 1924 Paris (France) I Chamonix (France)
VIII 1928 Amsterdam (Netherlands) II St. Moritz (Switzerland)
IX 1932 Tokyo (Japan) III Oslo (Norway)
X 1936 Berlin (Germany) IV Sapporo (Japan)

Olympic Sports

Summer Olympics

  • Diving
  • Swimming
  • Water polo
  • Canoe/kayak (sprint)
  • Road cycling
  • Track cycling
  • Artistic Gymnastic
  • Volleyball (indoor) demonstration sport in 1924, and official in 1928
  • Equestrian (dressage, eventing and jumping)
  • Wrestling freestyle
  • wrestling greco-roman
  • Archery
  • Athletics
  • Boxing
  • Fencing
  • Field hockey
  • Football
  • Golf
  • Handball
  • Modern pentathlon
  • Rowing
  • Rugby union
  • Sailing
  • Shooting
  • Tennis
  • Weightlifting
  • Tug of War (official 1896-1912)
  • Polo
  • Basketball (demonstration sport in 1904 and 1924)
  • Boules (demonstration sport in 1900)
  • Canne de combat (demonstration sport in 1924)
  • Frisian handball (kaatsen, emonstration sport in 1928)
  • Hot air ballooning (demonstration sport in 1900)
  • Korfball (demonstration sport in 1924 and 1928)
  • Glima (demonstration sport in 1912)
  • Life saving (demonstration sport in 1900)
  • Longue paume (demonstration sport in 1900)
  • Savate (demonstration sport in 1924)

Winter Sports

  • Figure skating
  • Speed skating
  • Ice hockey
  • Curling
  • Cross country skiing
  • Alpine skiing
  • Ski jumping
  • Skeleton sliding
  • Nordic combined
  • Biathlon
  • Bobsleigh
  • Skijoring (demonstration sport in 1928)
  • Sled dog racing (demonstration sport in 1932)

See also

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