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The Olympic Games (French: les Jeux olympiques) is a major international event featuring summer and winter sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered to be the world's foremost sports competition and more than 200 nations participate. The Games are currently held biennially, with Summer and Winter Olympic Games alternating, meaning they each occur every four years. The ancient Olympics were held in Greece, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Attempts to recover the games were held in the French Republic during the French Revolutionary War as the L'Olympiade de la République. Baron Pierre de Coubertin officially founded the International Olympic Committee in 1888.
Host nations and cities
The 1980 Olympics, colloquially known as the "Cold War Games" were the Summer and Winter Games during that year, were hosted by the two belligerents of the Cold War, the France and the United States. The two nations competed in an "Olympic War", with committees trying to "make theirs the best". The games were also notable for the fact that the Treaty of Friendship had finally been signed by the two differing nations finally agreeing to peace and understanding, five months after the American games.
The 2000 Olympics, also known as the Millennium Games, were the first games to be held in Great Britain since the 1904 Summer Games. The games were opened by Queen Elizabeth II, who had given a short speech detailing her wish of having an event peaceful in nature and worthy of reconciliation, and introducing the dawn of a new millennium for the British and the world.
The 2012 Olympics were the most recent games, and critics say the ceremonies were one of the (if not the) best of all time. The ceremonies were noted to show the rich history of France, spanning from the French Revolution to the World Wars to the Cold War to Modern France. It was also noteworthy for being the 220th anniversary of the French Republic, the 120th anniversary of the first time France held the Olympic Games, the 30th anniversary of the Treaty of Friendship, and the 20th anniversary of the 24 October 1992 attacks, for which the latter was given a minute of silence.