The Olafinian Reforms are the reforms initiated by Olaf IV & I Vasa, Emperor of Scandinavia, King of Sweden, Protector of Gotland and Lion of Midnight, to reform the Kalmar Union into the Scandinavian Empire.
Edictum Primum: De Forma Iuris Kalmari, Successionem Residentiasque
The Kalmar Union has been, since the death of late Queen Margaret, instabile and a fighting ground for hapless, petty wars. This has caused many issues within our union, which was made to prosper. Our fathers were belligerent, and we mistakenly followed into their footsteps with the recent War of the Goats. For this, the reforms will be implemented as following:
As noted, the title of the head of the Kalmar Union has always been King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway, which has led to the rise of a two-king rule: The nominal king, who is the leader of the Kalmar Union, and the actual king, which may or may not be the same person depending on the ruler of the Union. This has created instability, claims of war and other issues which have been expressed by the three civil wars the Kalmar Union has had in the last 30 years alone. As such, the title will be scrapped. The Kalmar Union will be renamed to the Scandinavian Empire. The title of the leader of the Union will be Emperor of Scandinavia and Lion of Midnight.
The election of an Emperor will be changed to some extent: The electors will be the King of Norway, the King of Sweden and the King of Denmark. The election will only be considered viable if all three leaders agree with each other, needing at least two-thirds of the vote. A representative may be sent to represent the nation at the election, however he may only be part of the House of Trusted, which will be discussed below. The election may only be taken out in the capital of the Empire, which will be discussed immediately. The former practice of the Emperor declaring an heir, giving the 'heir' an additional vote shall be set aside, for it is unfair in this ruling in normal means. However, should the king-electors not decide upon a mutual Emperor, then a parchment regarding the former Emperor's preference shall be called forward. Only then it will be considered a vote, which will nullify the king-electors' indecision.
As discussed before, the Scandinavian Empire shall have a capital. The city will act as the Empire itself, and be nominally independent of Norway, Denmark and Sweden. As such, the strip of coast of Västergotland, as well as the Bohuslän south of the island of Tjörn (the island included) and Halland north of the isthmus between Onsala Bay and the Lygnern (map soon coming) will be set aside for the use of the capital city. The city has no name yet, but I, Emperor Olaf I, propose Riksdag, after the proposed government of the Kalmar Union. The city will be neutral and direct fief of the current Emperor. As such, it shifts in control from the Emperor's, making it a true capital of the Empire. The city shall ALWAYS be neutral in Scandinavian civil wars, and shall never use it's troops to attack another Scandinavian state. The city shall be built in 10 years at the least and until it is ready, the Riksdag shall meet in central Jönköping in Sweden.
Tabula Territorium Civitae Riksdag
Edictum Secundum: De Participationis Civitas Riksdagsque Iuris
As we know, there are currently three main states in the Kalmar Union: Sweden, Norway and Denmark. The three nations have been bound to have a future together from the beginning. These three states are the core of the Empire, and their rights shall always be recognized as such. The Empire shall be free for joining, provided they join lawfully and enter rightly.
The Riksdag of the Scandinavian Empire, based off the Norwegian parliament, will be held once a year, for a month, in the aptly named city, Riksdag. Until the city is finished to be built, the Riksdag will meet in Jönköping in central Sweden. The Riksdag will be presided by the Emperor, with a trusted advisor, the High Chancellor (Rikskansler), presiding over the Riksdag. The High Chancellor will be appointed by the Emperor himself. The Riksdag will consist of Three Houses: The House of Kings, the House of Trusted and the House of Nobles.
The House of Kings will be, in all rights, an upper class of the House of Trusted. These three spots, reserved for the Kings of the other two states, as well as the heir of the current Emperor, will be surrounded by the House of Trusted, who will act like advisors to them. The presider over the House of Kings is called the Lord High Thane of Scandinavia. The Lord High Thane will be elected between the two non-Imperial kingdoms by the toss of coin. Whoever God favours, will receive the title. The House of Kings selects the House of Trusted from the House of Nobles and they act as lawmakers, counsellors and ministers for the Empire.
The House of Trusted is the house of advisors, lawmakers and ministers. They are elected from, but not limited to, the House of Nobles. Clergymen of high rank may be elected to the House of Trusted, as well as any influential burgher. They are promoted by the House of Kings to their position, and often, they delve into higher powers. The presider of the House of Trusted will be called Lord High Minister of Scandinavia. The position is given by the loser to the Lord High Thane coin toss to one of his trusted. That means that while the Emperor controls the High Chancellor, the other two nations will have advisors (or themselves) presiding over the respective Houses.
The House of Nobles is the the congregation of nobles and, contrary to the name, burghers, which make up the lower echelons of the Riksdag. Nobles are not obligated to attend the Riksdag annually, either by proxy or person. Instead, they are required to come every three years to the Riksdag. They have the least powerful votes of the Riksdag. The presider of the House will be called Lord First Knight of Scandinavia. However, this titile may be granted ONLY by the Emperor to a noble deemed worthy of the honour.
A House of Commons, made up of the common people, is not possible as such in such a large realm like the Scandinavian Empire. As such, the nations of Denmark, Norway and Sweden will be required to have a House of Commons in their Riksdags.
The extra-Scandinavian territories will be represented by 'ambassadors', nobles of the colonies, faraway possesions and autonomies will be required to come to the Riksdag every five years. As such, they are represented in the Riksdag and can call upon the armies of the Empire in case of an emergency.
Edictum Tertium: De Autonomia Autem Coloniae, Clientelis Statis Sociusque
Outside of the main Scandinavian holdings, there will be special, autonomous regions, which will all be treated as extra-Scandinavian. These include the cities of Abjørn and Dændë (Aberdeen and Dundee), associated with Denmark, the island of Gotland, Iceland, the Faroes, the Suðreyjar (Hebrides), the Orkneyjar and Hjaltland (Shetland) and the Duchy of Holstein. These will be treated accordingly and administered accordingly:
The cities of Abjørn and Dændë will be headed by a council of burghers, presided over by the Lord Mayor. Each Lord Mayor has a vote and a place in the Scandinavian Riksdag. The Lord Mayors will swear fealty to the ruler of Denmark, but will be run in a thalassocratic way. The cities will support merchant guilds for the North Sea trade.
Gotland will be turned into the Republic of Visby. The Republic will be run by the local Landsråd, presided over by a Duke of Visby, appointed by the King of Sweden from several candidates. The current Duke of Gotland will remain Nils Oxenstierna, as the Reforms will be implemented after his death on Gotland. The island-nation will be funded to be the hub of trade by the Scandinavian Empire and shall be recognized as such. It will swear fealty to the ruler of Sweden.
The Faroes, the Suðreyjar, the Orkneyjar and Hjaltland shall be reformed back to the ancient Kingdom of the Isles. it shall be a vassal state of Norway and a base of Scandinavian interests in the North Sea.
Iceland shall be transformed into the Jarldom of Iceland, where the heir of the Kingdom of Norway, rules over the native Icelandic and presides over a local Riksdag. As such, the heir to Norway has to experience the harsh Icelandic landscape and people to be able to fairly rule them from the remote Norway.
Holstein is a vassal of Denmark and a lesser member of the Kalmar Union. As such, the Scandinavian Empire will recognize both the membership as a lesser partner of the Empire AND the membership in the Holy Roman Empire. The Duchy will be administered as an autonomous territory.
Edictum Quartum: De Obligationes Regni Statis Sociusque
Membership in the Scandinavian Empire should not be just a bonus. It is a responsability of everyone and anyone. As such, following responsabilities are to be held:
Full members of the Scandinavian Empire have the responsability to keep peace in the realm, whether that is in the British Isles or Finland. Any attack on ANY member and autonomy of the Scandinavian Empire shall be responded to and acted upon.
Lesser members have less of a responsability, depending on region. A war in the Baltic obviously won't be able to be joined by Iceland or the Kingdom of the Isles, but Holstein must intervene in this situation. Same vice-versa.
All members must ensure free trade between Scandinavian partners and allies. These policies will be discussed at the Riksdag meetings. Wars shall be heavily sanctioned. If the aggressive side loses the war, he shall be punished accordingly.
Some organizations shall receive public funding from the Imperial treasury. These would be the Bank of St. Birgitta and Scientae Dei, among others.
Edictum Quintum: De Ordinem Popularum Societatisque Ex Iuris
In addition to this, all Scandinavian states shall adopt the Adolphinian reforms. This is for the betterment of our society, as religion will guide us through it.
The castes of Scandinavia, ancient testimony of our culture, shall be established and shall be listed:
The Jarls are lesser titles, usually applied to the heir of a Scandinavian kingdom. This, of course, shall apply for the Scandinavian Empire. But the Jarl class defines the nobility, from the landed knights, clergy (even if not born in the Jarl caste) to the Kings and the Emperor. They are the rulers of the Empire and have most word
The Karls are the common folk, with some rights, but limited. They can move into the Jarl caste by proving themselves worthy of being nobilized or joining the clergy. They are the backbone of society.
The Thralls are the servants, slaves and indebted. They have almost no rights, but a Christian thrall will have the right to communion in mass, a right to defend himself and a right to food. Pagan thralls can be mercilessly used, as they are dangerous heathens, unworthy of a better existence. Thralldom shall be legal in every corner of the Scandinavian Empire, except the Republic of Gotland and Duchy of Holstein.
Slavery shall be disestablished for Christians after the rebelllion. Pagan thralls may now convert to Christianity.