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Oirati is the most common language of Oirat and a Chinese dialect. It can be clearly shown to have a link with Chinese, as it uses the same script
Oirati has the following consonants, divided into seven groups:
Group 1: b, p, m (ㄅ,ㄆ,ㄇ)
Group 2: f,d,t (ㄈ,ㄉ,ㄊ)
Group 3: n, l, g (ㄋ,ㄌ,ㄍ,)
Group 4: k, h (ㄎ,ㄏ)
Group 5: q, x, r (ㄑ,ㄒ,ㄖ)
Group 6: zh, ch ,sh (ㄓ,ㄔ,ㄕ)
Group 7: z, c ,s (ㄗ,ㄘ,ㄙ)
Oirati has two groups of vowels:
Group 1: a, e, i, o, u (,ㄆ,ㄇ,,)
Group 2: ai, ei, ao, ou (ㄅ,ㄆ,ㄇ)
Group 3: an, on, in, un (ㄅ,ㄆ,ㄇ)
|Rhymes & Medials|
|ㄛ||From the obsolete character 𠀀hē,inhalation, the reverse of 丂kǎo, which is preserved as a phonetic in the compound 可kě.||uɔ||o||o||多 (ㄉㄨㄛ, duō)|
|ㄝ||From 也yě. Compare the Warring States bamboo form ||ɛ||ê||eh||爹 (ㄉㄧㄝ, diē)|
|ㄞ||From 𠀅hài, bronze form of 亥.||aɪ||ai||ai||晒 (ㄕㄞˋ, shài)|
|ㄟ||From 乁yí, an obsolete character meaning 移yí "to move".||eɪ||ei||ei||誰 (ㄕㄟˊ, shéi)|
|ㄠ||From 幺yāo||ɑʊ||ao||ao||少 (ㄕㄠˇ, shǎo)|
|ㄡ||From 又yòu||oʊ||ou||ou||收 (ㄕㄡ, shōu)|
|ㄢ||From the obsolete character ㄢhàn "to bloom", preserved as a phonetic in the compound 犯fàn||an||an||an||山 (ㄕㄢ, shān)|
|ㄣ||From 乚yǐn||ən||en||ên||申 (ㄕㄣ, shēn)|
|ㄤ||From 尢wāng||ɑŋ||ang||ang||上 (ㄕㄤˋ, shàng)|
|ㄥ||From 厶, an obsolete form of 厷gōng||əŋ||eng||êng||生 (ㄕㄥ, shēng)|
|ㄦ||From 儿, the bottom portion of 兒érused as a cursive form||ɑɻ||er||êrh||而 (ㄦˊ, ér)|
|ㄧ||From 一yī||i||i/y||i||逆 (ㄋㄧˋ, nì)|
|ㄨ||From 㐅, ancient form of 五wǔ.||u||u/w||u/w||努 (ㄋㄨˇ, nǔ)|
|ㄩ||From the ancient character 凵qū, which remains as a radical||y||ü/yu||ü/yü||女 (ㄋㄩˇ,|
Main article: Oirati vocabulary
Main Article: Oirati grammar
In, normal indicative constructions, Oirati has a SVO (Subject Verb Object) word order, the same as English. Adjectives and adverbs can come before or after what they describe.
I see it ---> I see it.
I will ride the white horse. ---> I will ride the horse white./ I will ride the white horse.
The passive voice is a much used feature in Oirat and can be used both when there's a subject and when there's no subject.
Roughly equivalent to the active. The object of the sentence is deleted. E.g. "I ride".