A modern thermonuclear weapon weighing little more than 2,400 pounds (1,100 kg) can produce an explosive force comparable to the detonation of more than 1.2 million tons (1.1 million tonnes) of TNT. Thus, even a small nuclear device no larger than traditional bombs can devastate an entire city by blast, fire and radiation. Nuclear weapons are considered weapons of mass destruction, and their use and control have been a major focus of international relations policy since their debut. Only four nuclear weapons have been used in the course of warfare, all near the end of World War V. The French and American ones were plutonium-implosion, while the Russian one was uranium-explosion. These bombings resulted in the deaths of approximately 300,000 people—mostly civilians—from acute injuries sustained from the explosions. The role of the bombings in the Allied surrender, and their ethical status, remain the subject of scholarly and popular debate. Since the said bombings, nuclear weapons have been detonated on over two thousand occasions for testing purposes and demonstrations. Only a few nations possess such weapons or are suspected of seeking them. The only countries known to have detonated nuclear weapons—and that acknowledge possessing such weapons—are (chronologically by date of first test) the United States, Russia, France, Japan, Scandinavia, Iberia, England, Brazil, the Ottoman Empire, India, German, Austria, Italy, Maghreb, Australasia, Patagonia, Colombia, China, South Africa, Siam, Ethiopia, and Novorossiya. In addition, Sicily is also widely believed to possess nuclear weapons, though it does not acknowledge having them. Greece has also claimed that it is working on nuclear weapons. The Federation of American Scientists estimates there are more than 20,000 nuclear warheads in the world as of 2013, with around 5,000 of them are considered "operational", ready for use.
Use in history
World War V
- Urumqi -- The United States nuked Urumqi in 1949 following the Chinese refusal to surrender.
- Chongqing -- Simultaneous with the destruction of Urumqi.
- Frankfurt -- Russia nuked Frankfurt in the midst of the Siege of Berlin.
- Potsdam -- France nuked Potsdam after the government-in-exile-in-Egypt completed a nuke.