Finnish, Karelian, Mordvin, Muromian, Merya, Meschera Mari, Komi, many others depending on fief (mostly Uralic)
Kipchak, Oghuz and Oghur Turkic, Slavonic
Norse and Finnic paganism, eventually Christianity and Zoroastrianism
Ethnic groups: main:
Type of government:
Confederation of tribes
Mostly uses Sassanid Rial and Byzantine Solidus, barter
Novgorodan Rus', also the Mordovian Rus', Great Ruotsi and Perm (Finnish: Uusi Kapunki-Ruotsi) was a tribal confederation located in the eastern edge of the European continent, straddling the Ural mountains. Descendant from Viking explorers, the Novgorodan Rus' was one of the main raiders of the eighth and ninth centuries in Europe and the Middle East (together with its western neighbour, the Kievian Rus), and one of the great problems for the Sassanid vassals, the Khazar Empire and foederati such as the Kingdom of the Uyghurs.