Munit haec et altera vincit
(One [hand] defends and the other conquers, motto of the coat of arms of Nova Scotia adopted in 1625)
Nova Scotia is a Commonwealth colony in North America. The territory is also known as Acadia (Acadie) by the French. As a former Scottish colony it reestablished its trade links with Scotland and every summer fishing fleets depart from it.
- John Leverett (1654-1657 as military governor)
- Sir Thomas Temple (1657-1670)
- Sir John Nelson (1670-...)
The fisheries are the pillar of the economy. Also and after the establishment of the Gulf Company, agriculture (mainly in the Annapolis Valley) and timber are important activities. A small scale mining activity of iron, coal, lead and zinc is being pursued.
The Gulf of Saint Lawrence Trade and Fishing Company, or Gulf Company for short, a chartered company propriety of the Kirke family and other investors (mainly Irish and Scots) has the monopoly on fur trading, and also acts as a fishing enterprise. For the purpose of encouraging settlement it has exclusive rights assigned to Newfoundland and Nova Scotia.