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The nation as it exists today goes back to 478 CE when Romulus Augustus was disposed of by the barbarian Odoacer and the Roman governor of the Balearic Islands (known as Palmania), which had weathered the Barbarian invasions nearly intact, declared himself the new Emperor. However, Rome as a nation goes back to 753 BCE when Romulus founded the city of Rome. The Imperial dynasty has only changed hands once since 478 CE, leading to a remarkable stability in the new Rome, with the current, modern dynasty being that of the Valasparian Dynasty.
A major military power in the modern world, Nova Roma assists in peacekeeper operations for the United Nations as well as ensuring the stability of border nations that request its help. It has a notable manufacturing sector and has fullheartedly embraced environmentally friendly technology, making use of whatever it can, with the major power contributions coming from nuclear, wind, and natural gas.
Nova Roma is a major contributor to scientific research, and quickly tries to make use of new ideas to ensure its future relevance in the new world. The reason for this is that it believes the reason Rome collapsed was that it failed to keep up, remaining too sure its own proven ways until they were too outdated to help Rome survive. Due to its embrace of science, Nova Roma is a technologically advanced nation compared to most and has a thriving technology and information tech sector.
Provincial Times (10 BCE - 478 AD)
The Province of Palmania (Balearic Islands) was bought by the wealthy Roman aristocrat Avus Caliavii, who had a dream to turn the sleepy backwater of the Islands into a gleaming example of Rome. He spent lavishly on the Provincial capital of Palma. He is quoted as stating after Emperor Augustus passed in 14 CE, "He may have turned Rome from a city of brick to a city of marble, but I turned Palma from a town of wood and thatch to a city of marble and concrete.". Avus' investment paid off, as Palma became an important center of trade for the Western Mediterranean, handling all oversea trade and commerce from Iberia, western North Africa, and any shipments that entered from the Atlantic. It also served as a major naval base, as its position in the Western Mediterranean made it a great position to launch anti-pirate raids from Corsica and Sardinia to the Towers of Heracles.
Avus arranged to have his position of Proconsul of Palmania passed down to his descendants, who would each make the Balearic Islands stronger, wealthier, and more fortified. Soon, on top of the legion of marines, two private legions under the command of the Proconsul helped to guard the Islands. When the Troubles of the Third Century came around, the preparations made both on accident and on purpose on the Islands kept them a gleaming example of Roman civilization at its best and a true light in the gathering darkness. This continued until 425 AD, when the Vandals invaded Iberia and attempted an attack on the Balearic Islands. After several attempted attacks by the Vandals, the three legions and naval fleet of Palmania defeated the Vandals in the Battle of Tarraco, a Palmanian counterattack that destroyed much of the Vandal forces gathering to attack the Islands, forcing them to leave the Balearic Islands alone, with next to no damage done to the cities of the Islands.
The Islands then fell into a period of peace while the rest of the Roman Empire went up in smoke, becoming safer than even the Eternal City of Rome itself. The flood of refugees of Romans fleeing the sinking ship that was the Mainland Empire soon posed a larger problem than any invasion due to the limited size of the Islands, so the Proconsul Gaius made the decision to round up most of the refugees, and any refugees on the Islands that weren't skilled in some needed field would be forced to leave and "escorted" to the Island of Corsica. While the Emperor disapproved of this, he was in no shape to enforce his will upon the Islands.
When Western Emperor Augustus Romulus was disposed of in 478 CE, Gaius Caliavii came to the decision that although the Western Roman Empire had ceased to exist in Italy, all his subjects still saw themselves as Roman. Due to this, he declared himself Emperor of the Western Roman Empire, thus, in the eyes of modern historians, marking the beginning of Nova Roma.
Early History (478 - 820 CE)
Despite now technically being known as the Emperors of the Western Empire, the Caliavii remained inactive in pursing reclaiming their "rightful lands" for nearly four centuries, showing themselves quite content in ruling over their world of the Balearic Islands. In this time, slavery was abolished, a standard of six years of education for all, and a standardized tax rate was established. However, come 780 CE, the Caliavii Emperor Nalus realized their seemingly untouchable world was about to come crashing down, the Balearic Islands were becoming too populated to maintain a stable food supply and soon would have far too many mouths to feed, so Nalus became the first Western Emperor since 478 to raise new legions. With a force of three brand new legions, over 15,000 soldiers, and the fleet needed to transport them, Nalus lead an invasion of Corsica in 782 CE, knowing that there were many who still saw themselves as Roman due to the number of refugees left there from the Fall.
The Invasion was brutal and swift, the disorganized populace didn't stand a chance against a drilled, well-oiled machine that was a blast from the past of the glory days of Rome, but with the weaponry to be very much in the now. All who couldn't prove Roman heritage were killed, a total of nearly 30,000 out of a populace of around 45,000. Following the Invasion, immigration from the Balearic Islands was highly encouraged, and Nalus drained much of the coffers rebuilding the island to a "Roman standard". When he died in 820 CE after an illustrious fifty year reign at the age of 78, the investment had only just started to pay back, 30 years after rebuilding efforts began.
The Late Caliavii Period (820 - 1123 CE)
The Late Caliavii Period is marked by the taking of the other major islands of the Western Mediterranean and the laying of the foundation for the future recovery of the Roman Empire. However, expansion was still population driven, instead of ideological. The advances in medical science that Nova Roma was making while the rest of Europe floundered in the late Dark Ages and early Medieval Period meant the difference in average life span grew as wide as 20-30 years in some cases, and the longer lives of Nova Romans meant that there was more population around at any one point. By 964 CE, under the Emperor Sulus Caliavii, with a population nearly 200,000 on the Balearus and Corsica, the decision was made to retake and rebuild Sardinia.
This invasion required the raising of five new legions, on top of the five already maintained as a defensive force. Once more, the reformed Roman war machine was unleashed upon an unsuspecting, disorganized opponent. The armored legions swept the island, clearing out the non-Roman identifying and pagan populations, before three of the five invading legions were disbanded to begin the encouraging of settlement in Sardinia, and many, eager to escape the now overcrowded cities of Corsica and the Balearus, took the opportunity. To commemorate the achievement of recovering Sardinia, Sulus built the Sulus Obelisk in Palma, a 100 foot solid marble monument to commemorate the recovery of Sardinia and the first re-establishing province of Corsica et Sardinia. Sulus would pass away in 975 CE, after twenty years of rule and a mostly completed rebuilding of Sardinia.
The Romans fell into a period of 200 years of peace, in which the metal type printing press was invented, a variation of Greek fire that exploded on impact rather than merely catch fire (this formula, often called Balearic flame, is used in conjunction with Greek fire, as the explosion catches the Greek fire alight and spreads it over a larger area, making it an effective area effect weapon in both sieges and open warfare), and the discovery of sanitizing wounds with alcohol drastically reduces injury infection rates.
In the year 1091 CE, after hearing of the Norman conquest of Sicily, the emperor Ceasari Caliavii decided to prove the Nova Roman legions against the battle-hardened Normans. He raised five new legions, only these legions were slightly differently organized. Rather than the traditional 4000 legionaries, 500 archers, and 500 cavalry, he doubled the size of the "support" roles, reducing the number of legionaries to 3000, and training two different kinds, one spearman, one with the traditional gladius.
By 1095 CE, the new legions were ready to be unleashed, and a shock campaign was launched upon the unsuspecting Normans of Sicily. In what is now referred to as the Battle of Nicosa Fields in 1099 CE, two legions marching on Syracuse came face to face with a Norman army of nearly 40,000. Despite being drastically outnumbered and with both sides in heavy armor, the slightly lighter, more maneuverable Roman armor proved superior in close combat, and the archers and spearmen made Norman cavalry charges ineffective at best. Then, taking a lesson from history, the general directing the battle, Vatesii Valasparian, ordered his troops into a crescent formation, with the bulge facing the enemy. What happens next is often compared to when the same formation was used against Rome by Hannibal in the Second Punic War. Of the 40,000 Norman soldiers that marched onto the field, only 3000, mainly cavalry, made it out alive. The Battle is often seen as the beginning of the end of the Reconquest of Sicily, and within a few years, the conquest was complete. Caesari Caliavii would die childless in 1123 CE, so before he died, he declared the Conqueror of Sicily, Vatesii Valasparian as his heir, and thus ended the Caliavii Dynasty and the beginning of the Valasparian.
Early Valasparian Dynasty (1123 - 1450 CE)
The Nova Romans and the Normans in Naples came to have an unofficial ceasefire until 1139 CE, when the Normans took the last holding in Naples from Byzantium. So the Nova Romans declared that they "were obligated to recover the areas stolen from a fellow Roman nation" and subsequently invaded Naples, with a force equal to about 7 legions who were lead by the aging Vatesii. In the Battle of Vatesii Hill, three Roman legions lead by Vatesii come head to head with an army of 30,000 Normans. While the battle ended in Roman victory, a Norman arrow caught Vatesii in the throat near the end of the battle, and he died near instantly.
Vatesii's son, Lazarus, then took his father's place at the helm of the invasion, and while not the tactical master of his father, he had defeated and killed off every Norman that dared raised arms against him in Naples by 1150 CE. This campaign brought Lazarus teasingly close to being the first western Roman commander to take Rome since Rome fell in 478 CE. So he prepared an army to retake the city, but first sent an envoy to Pope Eugene III, carrying a message that stated bluntly, "Give up the city, or give up your head.". The threat worked, and the Pope ordered the gates of Rome to be opened to the Roman army. In thanks, Lazarus granted Eugene and the Papacy control of Vatican Hill and took over the Papal States.
After this momentous achievement, Lazarus had himself crowded Emperor of a United Rome (however, the Byzantiums/Eastern Romans would dispute his claim and refused to join him), blessed by the Pope, and took the name Romulus. He would sadly pass away in 1163 CE from an injury sustained in the taking of Naples, but now, Rome was truly re-established.
Peace and stability would continue in Rome for nearly three hundred years, before a desire to reclaim more lost land started to grow irresistibly strong...
Renaissance Valasparian Dynasty (1450 - 1700 CE)
When the Renaissance began in earnest in Northern Italy, as interest finally started to grow in their neighbors to the south and their history, Rome was in an Enlightenment Age. For example, in 1456 CE, Galvius Galliva pointed a primitive telescope skyward and discovered the solar system was heliocentric. The Emperor applauded the man for his work, investing directly into the further study of the stars and planets, much to the annoyance of the Pope, but being in a small fort-nation in the middle of the new capital of a growing empire was proving more of a nice prison instead of a generous offer of independence.
In 1484 CE, sensing the rising interest in Rome, Emperor Alicus Valasparian offered peaceful unification with Rome to the northern states. In the 1485 - 1490 CE Councils of Rome, one by one each one of the city-states of Northern Italy agreed to join their ancestor nation. Peace would once again set in the Roman nation, with the Enlightenment age sending Rome ahead technologically far ahead the rest.
Industrial Valaparian Era (1700 - 1910 CE)
By 1732 CE, the first commercially viable steam engine was invented by Jonus Locartius, which lead the the Industrial Revolution of Rome. The secrets were guarded jealously, hiding from everyone why they needed so much coal and how they were able to produce items that looked nearly exactly the same. In this time, the Imperial Armed Forces of Rome underwent a major overhaul. Ironclad warships began to patrol Roman waters instead of wooden ones, the flintlock was cast away for the new percussion cap firing mechanism, and special paper cartridges were introduced so that one did not have to ram down black powder followed by the bullet as well in order to fire. When the reforms were completed, Emperor Elazius Valaparian decided to field test the new Roman military in 1743 CE, raising ten legions for the event, from the ten already in place.
The armies invaded the Balkans in 1745 CE, and in the course of three battles, absolutely crushed the defending Ottoman troops. The war quickly devolved into a wild retreat, the Ottoman forces only turning around to try to put up a fight at Constantinople/Istanbul. Nevertheless, the city fell quickly to the vastly superior equipment and weaponry of the Romans. Elazius then ordered the destruction of all Mosques, with the exception of the Hagia Sofia which was restored as a Christian Church, in the newly conquered lands and the expulsion of Turks and Muslims to the lands left in control of the Ottoman Empire. He also ordered the construction of a three hundred foot tall obelisk in Constantinople to celebrate its retaking after 300 years in enemy lands.
Fighting with the Turks and Berbers of North Africa would continue sporadically until 1916 CE.
The World Wars (1910 - 1946 CE)
In 1916 CE, Arch-Duke Ferdinand visited the city of Bucharest, hoping to quell the growing nationalist sentiment in Rumania. He was caught in an ambush and in a street battle, he was slain by members of a resistance group based out of free Rumania. Austria quickly invaded Rumania out of anger, backed by Germany. Russia declared war on Austria and Germany for invading a country they had guaranteed the independence of and asked her allies of Britain and France to join, to which they agreed. Austria, Germany, and the Turks agreed to go to war together. However, Rome remained neutral for the time being, with Emperor Augusto Valaparian stating, "It is a conflict that does not concern us."
However, a year later as the Western Front descended into static warfare, Germany approached Rome, offering her the lands of France should Rome join the Central Powers. Augusto, wishing to re-establish the old borders of Rome, agreed. The mechanical juggernaut of Rome invaded on 1st of June, 1917, lead by the "Cataphract", a large, armored vehicle developed several years prior in Rome in complete secret. France, completely caught off guard by this sudden invasion from where they had no defenses, was soon overwhelmed, only able to hold the attempted German assault off while Rome had a field day behind the Western Front.
By early August, Roman and German troops met up, and just days later, France capitulated, leaving Britain isolated against Rome and Germany. However, Germany refused to give up the lands they had occupied in France to Rome, stating that it was no longer French. Enraged, Augusto offered Britain a deal; recognize Roman control of the lands west of the Rhine, and they will betray Germany and join the Allies. The British government, recognizing that Russia was on the way out, and if they refused, they would be fighting German and Roman troops on the British Isles themselves, agreed to the deal. Soon, the legions of Rome turned on the Germans, who had by then abandoned the trenches and reburied all but the very front line to serve as a border as they expected they wouldn't need them any longer. Within just two weeks, the Germans were thrown across the Rhine, and legions were advancing swiftly through Austro-Hungary.
Facing the prospect of fighting in the streets of German cities and defeat undoubtedly certain due to facing a vastly superior technologically wise enemy, the Germans offered a ceasefire on the 1st November, 1917. In the 1918 Treaty of Rome, Germany was heavily punished for "starting the war", and the Austro-Hungarian Empire was shattered, with the former Ottoman and French colonies being handed over to Rome or given independence, while Germany's overseas territories were given to Britain.
While Rome ended out on top by way of territory, it came to be far too involved with subduing its new territories than to establish trade ties with the other nations, so the rest of Europe turned to the one major power not pulled into the conflict; America. The American economy prospered greatly from the nations seeking its business until in 1930, when the stock market of America collapsed on the 5th of June, signalling the start of a Great Depression that spread across any nation with ties to America. This meant while the world floundered, Rome prospered due to her economic independence. Despite the prosperity, the aging Emperor Augusto realized that there would soon be a flood of economic refugees into his nation, potentially pulling it down with them. So instead, he militarized the borders of Rome and the English channel, and any refugee that would not be of use to Rome was cast out, the cost of the defenses ruling out any form of economic aid to the other nations. By 1935, the border defenses were complete, along with a majority of the bridges across the Rhine and Danube being destroyed. However, in that time, Germany had come under a new ruler, one who promised to restore Germany to its former greatness, an Austrian who was nearly killed when Rome turned coat in the Great War; Adolf Hitler.
Augusto noticed how a slowly worsening civil war in Spain was becoming a massive proxy war, by 1936 with Hitler sending troops and supplies to support a Fascist rebellion, and the Soviet Union and the West supplying the Federalist side. So, in the "name of all that is humane", he openly invaded Spain on the pretext of humanitarian purposes, his far more advanced forces sweeping aside the rebels and loyalists alike. The government that came to power when the dust settled was "eternally grateful" for Augusto's "merciful intervention" and "pleaded" to join the "savior" of the Spanish nation. Augusto accepted the offer and Spain, however controversially, was integrated into the Empire.
On the 10th of June, 1940, after over three years of grabbing smaller nations, like the remains of Austria and Czechoslovakia, Hitler invaded Poland, and Britain declared war in return and asked for Rome's support, but Rome refused, with Augusto simply stating, "We won the last war for you. You should win your own for once.". So Rome stood by as Poland fell to a Nazi-Soviet invasion by July, and watched as Denmark and Norway, although supported by British troops, fell within weeks after initial invasions starting in August, 1940. The war then slipped into stalemate, as planes from either side couldn't attack the other without considerable loss from both lack of fuel to make the round trip, and to the enemy. So the war went to the sea, where German U-boats and the British navy did battle. Unfortunately for Britain, the damage caused to the Royal Navy by Rome in the first Great War had not yet been fully repaired, so the Battle of the North Sea turned into a slow withdrawal towards Britain as fewer ships meant less area could be defended.
Despite pleas from Britain to help it turn back the tide of evil, Rome refused, and German offers to help restore former Roman borders in Britain also fell upon deaf ears. Augusto simply had Rome watch behind the safety of her defenses as the Winter War of the North Sea drew closer to Britain. Then, something unexpected happened. Hitler, impatient with the slow progress of crippling Britain's navy, turned around and attacked the Soviet Union in the early spring of 1941. By May, the Germans had reached Moscow, and in a fierce battle, Moscow fell, Stalin was killed, and Soviet resistance crumbled, with German armies in the Urals by July, and left Siberia to collapse in turmoil.
Augusto lived to see this happen from his deathbed before passing away in early August, and Emperor Hadrius took over. Hitler, believing that Rome would be left unstable and unprepared in the wake of the death of the 50 year reign of Augusto, invaded Rome. He attempted to send his armies through the gap between the Rhine and Danube, as well as landing troops at the Por-de-Calais in former France and the town of Constanta just south of the mouth of the Danube on the 1st of January. The triple point invasion codenamed
Operation Downfall failed completely and utterly. The German troops never advanced further than ten miles from their invasion points, before the Roman armored legions deployed and struck down hard against the German armies, leaving over 500,000 dead, wounded, MIA, or captured. The defeat sent Germany reeling, but as the Roman armies weren't quite ready for an offensive yet, the opportunity slipped Rome by as Roman commanders waited for reinforcements to arrive. The war quickly degraded into an intense staring match between Roman, British, and soon, American troops, with only planes engaging overhead as the German U-boats were quickly sent scurrying for cover by anti-submarine tech that had come to be developed.
Finally, in early March of 1942, the opening salvos of the liberation of Europe came as Roman, British and American bombers pummeled several points along the Rhine and Danube River like never before, soon followed by artillery, then massive amounts of troops and armor. Northern Vienna and Bratislava in Austria and Eastern Cologne and Dusseldorf in Germany came to be the main invasion points, and the areas of the most intense fighting, with the cities only being liberated fully two weeks after the start of the operation. However, once the forces broke out of the cities, progress picked up, but not by much due to fanatical German resistance, both from reverence of Hitler, and in defense of the Fatherland. It took until October of 1942 to reach Berlin, and another two weeks to surround it. Due to concerns about casualties, the Allies dug in, choosing to lay siege to Berlin over winter, despite knowing the cost to civilians.
Fending off desperate German attacks from the East and from within Berlin, the Allies managed to hold on until March 3rd of 1943, when they invaded the now mostly ruined city of Berlin. However, they marched into an open city, virtually all the German troops had evacuated. It wasn't until they reached the Reichstag and Hitler's bunker did they discover why. Hitler had committed suicide three months prior, just before Berlin had been encircled, and had handed power over to Hermann Göring, who ironically moved the German capital to Moscow as a "temporary, defensive gesture". The only resistance in the city had come from fanatical SS troopers who refused to leave and equally fanatical German civilians who had rather die than surrender to the Allies.
It took until June of 1944 for the Allies to reach Moscow, where, in ruthless street to street fighting, the Allies finally captured or killed the German high command, forcing the now third "Führer", Admiral Karl Dönitz, who promptly surrendered to the Allies, knowing that the war was lost. Liberated Europe was then divided into three sections, to be ruled as military districts, mainly reflective of which nation had the most troops fighting in, until the populace formed a democratic government and installed it. Rome's military district included Germany west of the Elbe and Scandinavia, while Britain got Eastern Europe, and America received liberated Russia.
While the plan went according to how it was intended (other than the newly formed Confederation of Siberia refusing to rejoin the Federation of Russia), one thing went "wrong". The populace of the Roman controlled district outside of Scandinavia instead "chose" to join Rome, an offer which Emperor Hadrian graciously accepted. While Britain and America were skeptical, they found themselves making an agreement with Hadrian stating that Rome would institute a greater level of democracy in exchange for their recognition of all European borders, including Rome's new one.
While America then turned its full attention to the Pacific, Europe celebrated, almost not noticing that the Second World War was still ongoing until America detonated two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Kokura. This astounding and sudden leap in weapons technology saw Rome scrambling, but at the same time not wishing an arms race with a new ally, Hadrian worked with the American president Harry Truman and Clemet Attlee to establish the North Atlantic Union, an economic and military alliance to ensure the friendship of the three nations and whoever wished to join.
However, while Rome found itself for the first time surrounded by friends, America was encountering a new, great foe ...
Modern Rome (1946 - Today)
Rome has remained a leading figure in the NAU, going as far as helping America defeat communism wherever it spread out of China, from Korea (1949-1951), to Vietnam in (1957-1963), and even in India (1967-1975). Roman Emperors since have started to look outside the world for possible expansion, turning their gaze to the heavens instead. On the 3rd of February, 1960, the world watched in wonder as Roman mundinauts landed on the Moon and planted the Roman Eagle on its surface. By 1976, they had established a permanent base on the Moon. Roman mundinauts have since gone to Mars and back, and by early 2015, a small base town had been established on the Red planet, with terraforming operations on the way. While Rome looks skyward, it never forgets to keep its feet planted at home, despite the peace that surrounds it.
The Roman military is divided into four branches; Army, Navy, Air Force, and Space Navy. The army has one million active servicemen, divided into 200 Legions, along with an additional three million soldiers (600 legions) in reserve, with over 10,000 tanks, 25,000 artillery pieces, and hundreds of thousands of other necessary military equipment and vehicles.
The Navy has a force of nearly one hundred submarines, 150 destroyers, 20 battleships, ten supercarriers, and hundreds more support craft divided into eight fleets based at different locations around the Roman Empire and two in based on the American controlled island of Guam and the British controlled Falklands. (It was moved there after the Falklands War of 1986 as a deterrent for Britain against Argentina). The navy also maintains a force of generation eight fighter planes numbering around 600 AT-61s (popularly known as Eagles) numbering around 600. The navy has around 350,000 active duty servicemen, plus another 400,000 on reserve.
The Air Force has nearly 750 AT-61s, over 1200 bombers of various sorts, and thousands of support aircraft for logistics, surveillance, and more. The Air Force has nearly 300,000 active servicemen, with around 100,000 on reserve.
The Space Navy is a new arrival that is extraordinarily small compared to the other branches. Its current mission is to protect supplies on the way to the Moon and Mars bases and to ensure Roman law is carried out on these bases, and their few craft are usually unarmed. There are about 2500 servicemen in the Space Navy, with most relegated to policing the bases.
The New Imperial Republic of Rome is a major nation in the North Atlantic Union, an international entity which includes the nations of the United States of America, Great Britain, the Imperial Republic of Rome, Canada, and much of the other nations in Europe (with notable exclusions being Russia, Norway and Sweden. The nations within the NAU are bound to collective defense, as well as maintaining freedom of movement (however, Rome has steadfastly required an exemption for itself in this rule, for them, freedom of movement applies for only a period as long as one year, after which if the immigrant is not a productive member of Roman society, they must go home). The NAU also acts as the world's largest free trade zone.
Beyond the NAU, the closest Roman allies are Kurdistan and Assyria, who essentially act as vassals of Rome, though they maintain they have full independence. But aside from these nations and the NAU, Rome has few friends in the world, as many nations are still skeptical that it is willing to abide by non-aggression and recognition of borders.
Currently, Rome's biggest rival is the People's Republic of China, with whom they have fought multiple proxy wars (the Korean War (1949-1951), the Vietnam War (1957-1963), the Indian Civil War (1967-1975), and the War of Central Asian Unification (1985-1989)). China has yet to win a single proxy war with Rome and the United States, and her influence has been contained within China, while the US and Rome maintain large military forces in Japan, the Republic of Korea and the Republic of China (aka Taiwan)
The New Imperial Republic of Rome is a largely European and Catholic nation, with sizable minorities of Jews and Arabs located mainly in the Eastern provinces. The population is the third largest in the world (behind India and China) and currently stands at around 500 million, with the city of Rome being home to nearly three million. The current average Urban-Rural split stands at about 70-30.
Culturally, it breaks down to about 200 million Roman identifying, about 115 million Latin descendant culture identifying, about 100 million Germanic culture identifying, about 40 million Arab culture identifying, about 35 million Jewish/Hebrew culture identifying, and ten million others. The largest religious denomination is Catholic, at nearly 270 million followers, with Protestant branches numbering around 100 million. Muslims make the third largest group at around 60 million, followed by those who don't identify with any religion at around 50 million, and Judaism follows up as the last large religious group at 35 million.
The Government of the Imperial Republic of Rome is led by the Head of State, Head Legislator, Commander-in-Chief and Head of Government, the Emperor. The Emperor is not democratically elected, but is handed down within the ruling family though not always to the oldest son. It is typically handed down to the most promising within the "near family" (aunts, uncles, first cousins, sons, daughters, even wives). The Emperor has near absolute power to decree just about anything that does not interfere with the rights of the People as laid out in the Constitution of Rome. However, any decree the Emperor makes may be overruled by a two-thirds majority vote by the Senate, a body made up of senators (five from each province, though the city of Rome itself has ten). The Senate has nearly exactly the same powers of the Emperor without the control of the military, and has to come to a two-thirds vote on anything to pass something. The Senate can also be vetoed by the Tribunal Council, a House made up of representatives from each Province, with each province receiving a number of Tribunals relative to their population. The Tribunal may veto both the Emperor and the Senate with only a simple majority vote, although the Tribunal otherwise may only act in an advisory role to the Emperor and Senate.
The economy of Rome is broadly diversified, with major contributions coming from manufacturing, exports, information technology, natural resources, and the service industries. The Roman GDP currently stands at around $20 trillion, making it the largest economy in the world.