Noumea (Portuguese: Nouméia) is the capital city of the Melanesia. It is situated on a peninsula in the south of New Caledonia's main island, Victorino, and is home to the majority of the island's European, Polynesian (Wallisians, Futunians, Tahitians), Indonesian, and Vietnamese populations, as well as many Melanesians, Ni-Vanuatu and Kanaks that work in one of the South Pacific's most industrialised cities. The city lies on a protected deepwater harbour which serves as the chief port for Melanesia.
At the August 2014 census, there were 579,509 inhabitants in the metropolitan area of Greater Nouméa (Portuguese: Região Metropolitana da Nouméia), 437,086 of whom lived in the city (commune) of Nouméa proper. 52.4% of the population of Melanesia live in Greater Nouméa, which covers the communes of Nouméa, Montedôr, Dumbéa and Pinheiros.