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North Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV; Vietnamese: Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam) is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located in Mainland Southeast Asia (more commonly known as Indochina). It is bordered by China to its north, South Vietnam to its south, Laos to its west, and the Gulf of Tonkin and South China Sea to its east.
North Vietnam is one of the four remaining countries in the world to espouse a form of Communism (the others being China, Cuba, Laos, and North Korea). Since the North Vietnamese government initiated government and economic reforms (known as Doi Moi) following the death of Lê Duẩn in 1986, North Vietnam has established diplomatic relations with over 140 countries. Its economy has been one of the fastest growing in the developing world, growing at a rate of 6-7% in the last few years. Despite this, it did not match the economic growth of its southern counterpart (South Vietnam) in the same time period.