North Korea, officially the National Socialist Republic of Korea (NSRK) is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, and was a state of Nazi Germany. The capital and largest city is Pyongyang. It was established in 1948 by the Greater German Reich. Adolf Hitler rallied in North Korea the same day that it was established.
The Korean Peninsula was governed by the Korean Empire from the late 19th century to the early 20th century, until it was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. After the surrender of Japan to the Republic of China at the end of World War II, Japanese rule ceased. The Korean Peninsula was divided into two occupied zones in 1945, with the northern part of the peninsula occupied by Nazi Germany and the southern portion by the United States. A United Nations-supervised election held in 1948 led to the creation of separate Korean governments for the two occupation zones: the National Socialist Republic of Korea in the north, and the Republic of Korea in the south. The conflicting claims of sovereignty led to the Korean War in 1950. An armistice in 1953 committed both to a cease-fire, but the two countries remain officially at war because a formal peace treaty was never signed. Both states were accepted into the United Nations in 1991.