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HistoryEstablished out of the Soviet occupied portions of Japan on May 9th, 1949 in response to the founding of the State of Japan only two years earlier. A local communist was appointed premier and renamed himself Akairo Hoshi.
The Japans were thrown into war in 1951 as radicals in the Japanese People's Socialist Party in the North took control. By 1952, South Japan managed to take Northern capital of Yamagata. The North managed to drive the South back and took the northern part of the Ibaraki Prefecture. In the peace treaty between the State of Japan and the People's Republic of Japan on June 6th, 1952, the South gave the North the occupied part of the Ibaraki Prefecture in exchange for the North returning the occupied Toyama Prefecture. The North organized its half of the Ibaraki Prefecture as the Hitachi Prefecture. Much of the Tōhoku, Chūbu, and Kantō regions were devastated by war. North Japan also decided to move its capital to Sapporo in Hokkaido in 1953 to prevent the capture of the nation's capital again. A year later it became the Sapporo Prefecture and Hokkaido's prefectural capital was moved to Hakodate.
The remained of the 1950's and the entire 60's were tense as the North began to fortify its border with the South. Soviet troops and Western troops faced off waiting for the moment a war broke out. The situation became even tenser during the Vietnam War. In 1976, the then leaders of both nations, Prime Minister Akiyama Keiji of the South and the North's leader Izumi Shinji met, the first time such an event happened since the signing of the 1952 peace treaty. Both sought to reduce the tensions between their two Japans. They managed to reduce the amount of soldiers on both sides Inter-Japanese Border and reopen trade between the two nations.
Under Akairo Hoshi's rule, much like in other communist states aligned to the Soviet Union during the 1950's, North Japan followed Stalinist policies and established the People's Directorate of State Security in 1950. When Stalin died in 1957, Akairo was forced to resign as both premier and general secretary. Akairo was replaced by moderates Yamada Gakuto as premier and Awaji Fumiya as general secretary. Following the examples of Nikita Khrushchev, they began a series of moderate reforms and extensive modernization policies. After Awaji died in 1963, Izumi Shinji became the General Secretary. Under Izumi's policies, the economy and population of North Japan grew. in 1966, Yamada retired and the Politburo elected Izumi to hold the rank of premier. From 1966 to 1979, a cult of personality developed around leader, along with the resurgence of Stalinist policies.
In 1976, the then leaders of both nations, Prime Minister Akiyama Keiji of the South and the North's leader Izumi Shinji met, the first time such an event happened since the signing of the 1952 peace treaty. Both sought to reduce the tensions between their two Japans. They managed to reduce the amount of soldiers on both sides Inter-Japanese Border and reopen limited trade between the two nations.
While Izumi was seen by the West as a reformer, he was actually reintroducing the old Stalinist policies and by 1979, some two million people vanished. As no records were kept, it is unclear what happened to these people except the fact that the PDSS was responsible under Izumi's orders. After the Great Purge of 1979 (when half the JPSP and the most of the general staff of the Japanese People's Army were eliminated), Izumi was assassinated by fellow party members. Since the assassination of Premier Izumi, Nakamora Shin has been the general secretary. Under his rule, the party has introduced some liberalization and the legalization of a heavily limited private enterprise system.
Since the late 1970's, North Japan has been crucial to the development of computer technology for the Communist Bloc. North Japan also benefits from large sums paid by the Soviet Union to lease naval bases for the Pacific Fleet. South Japan has also benefited from technology. After the Japanese War, the South was able to quickly recover, and its economy grew significantly. Its population also grew significantly, outnumbering the North nearly 2 to 1.