The Second North American Republic, commonly known as North America is a large nation founded in 1805 after the War of Independence, 1801-1805. It is comprised of all of North America. It has a population (2009) of 453,100,207 people. Francis Joseph McKenna of New Brunswick is the President and Robert Michael Gates is vice president. Capital is New York-Jacksonia (amalgamation of Jackson City and NYC).
Motto: "Iustitia Liber"
|Capital||New York- Jacksonia|
|Largest city||New York- Jacksonia|
|Official language(s)||English, French|
|Ethnic groups||67% White
|-||Vice President||George W. Bush|
|-||From the United Kingdom||10 January 1805|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
Origins of the republic
There was growing discontent with the British after their victory over the First North American Republic of 1756-1768. They imposed harsh measures on the people, including heavy taxes. Colonials were taxed on tea (Tea Act, 1769), paper (Paper Tax, 1778) and the hated Property Tax of 1783. A revolt took place in Baltimore, in which 2 British soldiers and 14 colonials were killed, but the revolt did not spread. Cities like Baltimore and Boston were garrisoned, and there were curfews in place from 1784-1789. A secret underground resistance movement was founded by 1790, and began collecting arms and supplies for a future war. By 1795, tensions became very high.
Main article: History of North America
War of Independence
Main article: North American War of Independence
The North American War of Independence was fought between 1801 and 1805. The war began when a Pennsylvania farmer's pigs got in the way of a British cavalry group. The pigs would not move, and a commanding officer shot a pig. The farmer got mad, and he fired on a soldier, thus starting the war. The underground resistance came out of secrecy and helped established the Republican Army, and prepared for the war. The war was fought at the same time as the Eight Years War.
Independence of the North American RepublicAfter Sheaffe's surrender, the British and the Republican leaders met to discuss the peace terms. On January 10, 1805, the war was officially over and independence was proclaimed at New York. Though many people favored Hull for president, republican representatives chose Robert Livingston for president.
Livingston was chosen president in 1805, and formed the Liberal-Democrat party. Hull founded the Conservative Party, and Andrew Jackson founded the Whig Party.He established the Bank of the Republic in 1807, and promptly issued coinage and banknotes with his image on them. When his term was up for election in 1808, he did not relinquish power. When it seemed the Whigs would ally with the Conservatives to get rid of him, he ordered the arrest of Hull and Jackson. Hull fled to Massachusetts, where people opposed Livingston. Jackson was arrested and hung for treason against the state. On July 8, 1808, William hull and a New England militia of 600 men descended upon the capital, New York and tried to taker it. Livingston wanted to settle this by holding the famous duel, in which Livingston was shot and Jackson became the president.
William Hull was appointed president in 1808, and he extended the presidential term to five years. He helped write the Constitution, officially adopted May 1, 1809. In 1813, he established the navy and commissioned 12 new warships. The army was expanded to 25,000 men and military service was required for men aged 18- 40. He was elected thet year with a 70% majority support. In 1818, he was re-elected with a 78% majority.
War of the Union (1818-1822)
Main article: War of the Union
In Southern Nova Scotia, there were many Republican supporters who favored a union with the North American Republic. British troops were called in and tensions were rising. Hull issued a statement that he would support Republican causes in British-held territories. On July 15,1818, The Republican soldiers invaded British North America and took Montreal. They would be repulsed later on, but Republican troops marched into Nova Scotia. The majority of people favored the Republic and hindered the British defence. Maryland was invaded on August 4th, and the British had 2 fronts to worry about. They surrendered Maryland, sending as much troops as possible to defend Nova Scotia. In 1822, The British in Halifax were attacked by the Republican Navy, and surrendered the town and fort after 3 days. As part of the peace treaty, the Republic would give Halifax to Britain in Exchange for Prince Edward Island, who refused to give up.
While Hull was negotiating the peace treaty, Aaron Burr (Whig) seized control (0n August 17) with help from the Army, since they feared Hull would become a dictator. Burr arrested Hull after his arrival from London, where he died in jail in 1823. Burr was murdered in 1828, and succeded by Martin Van Buren.
Van Buren Era
Martin Van Buren (Liberal-Democrat) replaced Burr, ruling as a Dictator from 1828 until his death in 1849. He brought stability to the country, and established a National Postal Office in 1844. He is widely accredited as the man who modernized the Republic, establishing factories in Pittsburgh (called Martinsville, after him, since 1851) and bringing wealth to the country. Before he died, he established an elections council to bring full democracy to the republic.
The Civil War
Main article: Civil War The North American civil war was fought from 1871-1878.
Main article: Politics in North America
The Constitution of 1809 officilly established the country as a federal republic. The head of state and chief of government in the president.